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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 137, Issue 6, pp 2099–2113 | Cite as

Contrastive research of condensation-heat-transfer and water-recovery performance on 10-nm ceramic membrane tube and stainless steel tube

  • Boran YangEmail author
  • Haiping Chen
  • Qicheng Chen
  • Chao Ye
  • Tao Song
Article
  • 118 Downloads

Abstract

As a new type of condensation-heat-transfer facility, nano-porous ceramic membrane tube is surrounded by nano-porous wall surface, which is hydrophilic to capture the vapor or condensate. In general, water vapor will condense into liquid near the wall surface or inside its nano-sized pores, wherein its latent heat will be released synchronously. Thus, an amount of heat and water can be recovered by using nano-porous ceramic membrane tube. Experiments are performed using a 10-nm ceramic membrane tube and a traditional condensation-heat-transfer tube (a 304 stainless steel tube in the experiment) with the same dimensions. The gas mixture consisting of nitrogen (N2) and water vapor is employed as working fluid, and the low-temperature water is used as the cold source. Great attention is paid to contrastively evaluate the heat-transfer and water-recovery performance of two kinds of tubes at different influential parameters (e.g., inclination angle). Compared with stainless steel tube, ceramic membrane tube has a more outstanding heat-transfer characteristic; it can enhance the cooling water temperature by 125% maximally. In addition, condensation-heat-transfer process of 10-nm ceramic membrane tube is influenced by inclination angle more significantly. In the 10-nm ceramic membrane tube, it has highest condensation-heat-transfer coefficient at horizontal flow (θ = 0°) and lowest at vertical down flow (θ = − 90°). Finally, water-recovery mass flux in the 10-nm ceramic membrane tube is higher than that in stainless steel tube, especially for the transmembrane pressure difference is higher than 3.83 kPa. This paper is useful for ceramic membrane condenser arrangement and design.

Keywords

Ceramic membrane tube Water recovery Inclination angle Condensation heat transfer 

List of symbols

Notations

h

Convective heat-transfer coefficient (W m−2 °C−1)

T

Temperature (°C)

d

Diameter (m)

Q

Heat flux (kJ m−2 s−1)

A

Area of membrane (m2)

L

Length (m)

cp

Specific isobaric heat capacity (kJ kg−1 °C−1)

F

Force (N)

M

Mass flux (kg m−2 s−1)

m

Mass (g)

U

Flow rate (L min−1)

R

Thermal resistance (°C m2 W−1)

W

Efficiency (%)

t

Time (s)

x

x-Coordinate (mm)

w

Water content of feed gas (g L−1)

P

Pressure (Pa)

f

Frictional resistance (N)

g

Gravity acceleration (m s−2)

Greek letters

δ

Thickness (m)

ρ

Density (kg m−3)

φ

Two-phase multiplier

θ

Inclination angle (°)

λ

Thermal conductivity (W m−1 °C−1)

α

Hydrophilic angle (°)

β

Liquid level angle (°)

η

Uncertainty

σ

Surface tension (N m−1)

Subscripts

in

Inlet

out

Outlet

rec

Recovery

s

304 Stainless tube

m

Ceramic membrane

v

Radial direction

con

Condensation

b

Feed gas side

c

Cooling water side

e

Experimental ceramic membrane tube

σ

Capillary force

p

Nano-pore

o

Overall

i

Measuring point number

per

Permeation

0

Original state

ave

Average value

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No.: 2018YFB0604302).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Energy, Power and Mechanical Engineering, National Thermal Power Engineering and Technology Research CenterNorth China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of EnergyNortheast Electric Power UniversityJilinChina

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