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Performance, emission, energy and exergy analyses of gasoline fumigated DI diesel engine

  • M. Bharathiraja
  • R. Venkatachalam
  • V. Senthilmurugan
Article
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of gasoline fumigation on the performance, emission, energy and exergy balance of a direct injection diesel engine is experimentally investigated. Gasoline fumigation is induced at three different ratios based on energy. In the present study, computer-controlled injection using LabVIEW software is attempted for gasoline fumigation and common rail is used to inject at the same pressure always. The characteristics of the engine are studied with and without fumigation. Results reveal that gasoline fumigation increases the energy and exergy efficiency to about 5% at medium and high loads. For all the operating points, the percentage of energy and exergy transfer through the exhaust gases decreases by an average of 2.6% using gasoline fumigation. Fumigation decreases diesel fuel consumption by 33.53%, CO2 emissions by 5.8%, NOx by 10.4% and smoke by 13–17% during full load at 30% of gasoline fumigation. Also, fumigation increases brake thermal efficiency by 3.78%, CO emissions from 0.2 to 0.96% by volume and UBHC emissions from 51 to 205 ppm during full load at 30% of gasoline fumigation. Results show that the gasoline fumigation replaces diesel and reduces both nitrogen oxides and smoke.

Keywords

Diesel engine Fumigation Gasoline fumigation Electronic injection Energy and exergy Performance Emissions 

Abbreviations

%

Percentage

BTE

Brake thermal efficiency

CI

Compression ignition

CNG

Compressed natural gas

CO

Carbon monoxide

CO2

Carbon dioxide

D

Diesel

DI

Direct injection

Euro

European

FDR

Fuel delivery ratio

G10

10% of gasoline fumigation

G20

20% of gasoline fumigation

G30

30% of gasoline fumigation

GF

Gasoline fumigation

HC

Hydrocarbon

IC

Internal combustion

kg h−1

Kilogram per hour

LabVIEW

Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench

LPG

Liquefied natural gas

NDIR

Non-dispersive infrared

NI

National instruments

NO

Nitric oxide

NO2

Nitrogen dioxide

NOx

Oxides of nitrogen

PM

Particulate matter

UBHC

Un-burned hydrocarbon

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the infrastructure and testing support provided by Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Tamil Nadu, India, during the entire research work.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Automobile EngineeringKongu Engineering CollegePerunduraiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Automobile EngineeringInstitute of Road and Transport TechnologyErodeIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringHindusthan College of Engineering and TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia

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