Performance, emission, energy and exergy analyses of gasoline fumigated DI diesel engine

  • M. Bharathiraja
  • R. Venkatachalam
  • V. Senthilmurugan


In this paper, the effect of gasoline fumigation on the performance, emission, energy and exergy balance of a direct injection diesel engine is experimentally investigated. Gasoline fumigation is induced at three different ratios based on energy. In the present study, computer-controlled injection using LabVIEW software is attempted for gasoline fumigation and common rail is used to inject at the same pressure always. The characteristics of the engine are studied with and without fumigation. Results reveal that gasoline fumigation increases the energy and exergy efficiency to about 5% at medium and high loads. For all the operating points, the percentage of energy and exergy transfer through the exhaust gases decreases by an average of 2.6% using gasoline fumigation. Fumigation decreases diesel fuel consumption by 33.53%, CO2 emissions by 5.8%, NOx by 10.4% and smoke by 13–17% during full load at 30% of gasoline fumigation. Also, fumigation increases brake thermal efficiency by 3.78%, CO emissions from 0.2 to 0.96% by volume and UBHC emissions from 51 to 205 ppm during full load at 30% of gasoline fumigation. Results show that the gasoline fumigation replaces diesel and reduces both nitrogen oxides and smoke.


Diesel engine Fumigation Gasoline fumigation Electronic injection Energy and exergy Performance Emissions 





Brake thermal efficiency


Compression ignition


Compressed natural gas


Carbon monoxide


Carbon dioxide




Direct injection




Fuel delivery ratio


10% of gasoline fumigation


20% of gasoline fumigation


30% of gasoline fumigation


Gasoline fumigation




Internal combustion

kg h−1

Kilogram per hour


Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench


Liquefied natural gas


Non-dispersive infrared


National instruments


Nitric oxide


Nitrogen dioxide


Oxides of nitrogen


Particulate matter


Un-burned hydrocarbon



The authors acknowledge the infrastructure and testing support provided by Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Tamil Nadu, India, during the entire research work.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Automobile EngineeringKongu Engineering CollegePerunduraiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Automobile EngineeringInstitute of Road and Transport TechnologyErodeIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringHindusthan College of Engineering and TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia

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