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Fire behaviors study on 18650 batteries pack using a cone-calorimeter

  • Dongxu Ouyang
  • Mingyi Chen
  • Jian Wang
Article

Abstract

To investigate the effects of different state of charges (SOCs), external heating powers and charging/discharging treatment on the fire behaviors of 18650 batteries pack, three groups of abuse experiments were conducted with the help of a cone-calorimeter. The fire hazards of batteries pack were characterized by measuring the flame photographs, battery surface temperature, ignition time, thermal runaway time, heat release rate and radiative heat flux. According to the results, it is found that the fire behaviors of batteries pack will appear in advance and behave more violent with the increase in SOC. Additionally, the higher heating power will exacerbate the fire hazards of batteries pack by increasing the surface temperature rise rate, the total heat released and the total heat flux of pack leading to an earlier thermal runaway and more rigorous consequence. Finally, the pack with discharging/charging treatment has a much lower heat released compared to the pack without any treatment due to the incomplete burning and incomplete release of energy. Besides, their fire behaviors also exhibit earlier and severer.

Keywords

Batteries pack Fire behaviors SOC Heating power Charge/discharge Heat release rate 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51706218 and 51376172).

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Fire ScienceUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina
  2. 2.School of Environment and Safety EngineeringUniversity of JiangsuZhenjiangChina

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