Advertisement

Thermodynamic and thermal energy storage properties of a new medium-temperature phase change material

  • Ju-Lan Zeng
  • Li Shu
  • Liu-Mo Jiang
  • Yu-Hang Chen
  • Yu-Xiang Zhang
  • Ting Xie
  • Li-Xian Sun
  • Zhong Cao
Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Phase change materials (PCMs) that can store the heat energy obtained from intermittent solar irradiation are very important for solar energy absorption cooling system. In this work, an organic compound that melts at the temperature of 368.2 ± 0.5 K was applied as PCM. The specific heat capacities of the PCM were measured by temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry from 198.15 to 431.15 K. The thermodynamic functions of [HTH298.15] and [STS298.15] were then calculated based on the measured heat capacities data. Afterward, the long-term cyclic thermal energy storage stability and thermal stability of the PCM were investigated. The results show that the PCM melted and crystallized at about 368 and 364 K, respectively, with a phase change enthalpy (ΔtransH) of 21 kJ mol−1 (130 J g−1). Additionally, it exhibited good long-term cyclic thermal energy storage stability and thermal stability. Hence, the PCM could be applied as good PCM for solar energy absorption cooling.

Keywords

Phase change materials Solar absorption cooling Thermal energy storage Thermodynamic properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (2017JJ1026, 13JJ3068), the Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department (15B0002) and the Guangxi Key Laboratory of Information Materials (Guilin University of Electronic Technology), P.R. China (171001-K).

References

  1. 1.
    Balaras CA, Grossman G, Henning H-M, Infante Ferreira CA, Podesser E, Wang L, et al. Solar air conditioning in Europe—an overview. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2007;11(2):299–314.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2005.02.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pintaldi S, Perfumo C, Sethuvenkatraman S, White S, Rosengarten G. A review of thermal energy storage technologies and control approaches for solar cooling. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2015;41:975–95.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.08.062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Otanicar T, Taylor RA, Phelan PE. Prospects for solar cooling—an economic and environmental assessment. Sol Energy. 2012;86(5):1287–99.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.01.020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Noro M, Lazzarin RM, Busato F. Solar cooling and heating plants: an energy and economic analysis of liquid sensible vs phase change material (PCM) heat storage. Int J Refrig. 2014;39:104–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2013.07.022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Farid MM, Khudhair AM, Razack SAK, Al-Hallaj S. A review on phase change energy storage: materials and applications. Energy Convers Manag. 2004;45(9–10):1597–615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zeng JL, Zheng SH, Yu SB, Zhu FR, Gan J, Zhu L, et al. Preparation and thermal properties of palmitic acid/polyaniline/exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets form-stable phase change materials. Appl Energ. 2014;115:603–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.10.061.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zeng J-L, Chen Y-H, Shu L, Yu L-P, Zhu L, Song L-B, et al. Preparation and thermal properties of exfoliated graphite/erythritol/mannitol eutectic composite as form-stable phase change material for thermal energy storage. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells. 2018;178:84–90.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2018.01.012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sami S, Etesami N. Thermal characterization of obtained microencapsulated paraffin under optimal conditions for thermal energy storage. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2017;130(3):1961–71.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-017-6516-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hu Y, He Y, Zhang Z, Wen D. Effect of Al2O3 nanoparticle dispersion on the specific heat capacity of a eutectic binary nitrate salt for solar power applications. Energy Convers Manag. 2017;142:366–73.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.03.062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Agyenim F. The use of enhanced heat transfer phase change materials (PCM) to improve the coefficient of performance (COP) of solar powered LiBr/H2O absorption cooling systems. Renew Energy. 2016;87(Part 1):229–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2015.10.012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chidambaram LA, Ramana AS, Kamaraj G, Velraj R. Review of solar cooling methods and thermal storage options. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2011;15(6):3220–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.04.018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Florides GA, Kalogirou SA, Tassou SA, Wrobel LC. Modelling, simulation and warming impact assessment of a domestic-size absorption solar cooling system. Appl Therm Eng. 2002;22(12):1313–25.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-4311(02)00054-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vasilescu C, Infante Ferreira C. Solar driven double-effect absorption cycles for sub-zero temperatures. Int J Refrig. 2014;39(Supplement C):86–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2013.09.034.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Brancato V, Frazzica A, Sapienza A, Freni A. Identification and characterization of promising phase change materials for solar cooling applications. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells. 2017;160(Supplement C):225–32.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2016.10.026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Khan MMA, Saidur R, Al-Sulaiman FA. A review for phase change materials (PCMs) in solar absorption refrigeration systems. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2017;76(Supplement C):105–37.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zalba B, Marin JM, Cabeza LF, Mehling H. Review on thermal energy storage with phase change: materials, heat transfer analysis and applications. Appl Therm Eng. 2003;23(3):251–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shkatulov A, Ryu J, Kato Y, Aristov Y. Composite material “Mg(OH)2/vermiculite”: a promising new candidate for storage of middle temperature heat. Energy. 2012;44(1):1028–34.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.04.045.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Seo J, Shin D. Size effect of nanoparticle on specific heat in a ternary nitrate (LiNO3–NaNO3–KNO3) salt eutectic for thermal energy storage. Appl Therm Eng. 2016;102:144–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.03.134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhao CY, Ji Y, Xu Z. Investigation of the Ca(NO3)2–NaNO3 mixture for latent heat storage. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells. 2015;140:281–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2015.04.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gunasekara SN, Pan R, Chiu JN, Martin V. Polyols as phase change materials for surplus thermal energy storage. Appl Energ. 2016;162:1439–52.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.03.064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhang X, Chen X, Han Z, Xu W. Study on phase change interface for erythritol with nano-copper in spherical container during heat transport. Int J Heat Mass Transf. 2016;92:490–6.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.08.095.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kholmanov I, Kim J, Ou E, Ruoff RS, Shi L. Continuous carbon nanotube–ultrathin graphite hybrid foams for increased thermal conductivity and suppressed subcooling in composite phase change materials. ACS Nano. 2015;9(12):11699–707.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.5b02917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zeng JL, Zhou L, Zhang YF, Sun SL, Chen YH, Shu L, et al. Effects of some nucleating agents on the supercooling of erythritol to be applied as phase change material. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2017;129(3):1291–9.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-017-6296-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lu DF, Di YY, Dou JM. Crystal structures and solid–solid phase transitions on phase change materials (1−CnH2n+1NH3)2CuCl4(s) (n = 10 and 11). Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells. 2013;114:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2013.02.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Emam M, Ahmed M. Cooling concentrator photovoltaic systems using various configurations of phase-change material heat sinks. Energy Convers Manag. 2018;158:298–314.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.12.077.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rivière L, Caussé N, Lonjon A, Dantras É, Lacabanne C. Specific heat capacity and thermal conductivity of PEEK/Ag nanoparticles composites determined by modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry. Polym Degrad Stab. 2016;127:98–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2015.11.015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Qiu S, Chu H, Zou Y, Xiang C, Zhang H, Sun L, et al. Thermochemical studies of Rhodamine B and Rhodamine 6G by modulated differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2015;123(2):1611–8.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-015-5055-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhang J, Liu YY, Zeng JL, Xu F, Sun LX, You WS, et al. Thermodynamic properties and thermal stability of the synthetic zinc formate dihydrate. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2008;91(3):861–6.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-007-8587-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Chen C, Liu W, Wang Z, Peng K, Pan W, Xie Q. Novel form stable phase change materials based on the composites of polyethylene glycol/polymeric solid-solid phase change material. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells. 2015;134:80–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2014.11.039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Yanshan L, Shujun W, Hongyan L, Fanbin M, Huanqing M, Wangang Z. Preparation and characterization of melamine/formaldehyde/polyethylene glycol crosslinking copolymers as solid–solid phase change materials. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells. 2014;127:92–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2014.04.013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Li R-C, Tan Z-C. Heat capacity and thermodynamic property studies of diethyl acetamidomalonate (C9H15NO5). J Chem Eng Data. 2013;58(8):2137–41.  https://doi.org/10.1021/je400159e.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Chirico RD, Steele WV, Kazakov AF. Thermodynamic properties of 1-naphthol: mutual validation of experimental and computational results. J Chem Thermodyn. 2015;86:106–15.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2015.02.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tong B, Tan ZC, Shi Q, Li YS, Wang SX. Thermodynamic investigation of several natural polyols (II). J Therm Anal Calorim. 2008;91(2):463–9.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-007-8361-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Jia R, Sun K, Li R, Zhang Y, Wang W, Yin H, et al. Heat capacities of some sugar alcohols as phase change materials for thermal energy storage applications. J Chem Thermodyn. 2017;115:233–48.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2017.08.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhang XF, Wang SF, Wu ZS. Physical chemistry. Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science & Technology Press; 2012.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Adachi T, Daudah D, Tanaka G. Effects of supercooling degree and specimen size on supercooling duration of erythritol. ISIJ Int. 2014;54(12):2790–5.  https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.54.2790.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Collaborative Innovation Center of Micro/nano Bio-sensing and Food Safety Inspection, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Materials Protection for Electric Power and Transportation, School of Chemistry and Biological EngineeringChangsha University of Science and TechnologyChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Information Materials, Guangxi Collaborative Innovation Center of Structure and Property for New Energy and Materials, Department of Material Science and EngineeringGuilin University of Electrical TechnologyGuilinPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations