Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 135, Issue 6, pp 2995–3003 | Cite as

Solidification behavior of indium droplets embedded in aluminum by differential fast scanning calorimetry

  • Mannan Wu
  • Quanliang Zhang
  • Bingge Zhao
  • Ling Zhang
  • Qijie Zhai
  • Yulai GaoEmail author


Indium droplets embedded in aluminum matrix were successfully prepared by melt spinning technique. The results showed that an amount of nano-sized indium droplets were embedded inside aluminum grains, while micro-sized indium droplets were distributed along aluminum grain boundaries. The nano-sized indium droplets exhibited an orientation relationship with the aluminum matrix of \((\bar{1}01)_{\text{In}} ||(\bar{1}1\bar{1})_{\text{Al}}\), \((\bar{1}10)_{\text{In}} ||(00\bar{2})_{\text{Al}}\) and \([111]_{\text{In}} ||[110]_{\text{Al}}\). The nucleation of indium droplets was catalyzed by the surrounding Al matrix on the {111}Al or {002}Al lattice planes. Employing differential scanning calorimetry and differential fast scanning calorimetry, it was found that the solidification of indium droplets consisted of three stages. Based on the classical nucleation theory, the solidification behavior of nano-sized In droplets was studied. The results displayed that the contact angle at larger undercooling was far greater than that in smaller undercooled melt, implying that the catalyzing effect of the matrix on the nucleation in larger undercooling could be depressed.


Heterogeneous nucleation Solidification Nucleation Differential fast scanning calorimetry Melt-spun technique 



This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Numbers 51671123, 51171105 and 50971086), and Program for Professor of Special Appointment (Eastern Scholar) at Shanghai Institutions of Higher Learning (Grant Number TP2014042), PR China.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mannan Wu
    • 1
  • Quanliang Zhang
    • 1
  • Bingge Zhao
    • 1
  • Ling Zhang
    • 1
  • Qijie Zhai
    • 1
  • Yulai Gao
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Advanced Ferrometallurgy, School of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Laboratory for MicrostructuresShanghai UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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