Crystallization and mechanical properties of basalt fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites with different elastomers
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In this study, composites based on polypropylene (PP), basalt fiber (BF), polypropylene-graft-maleic anhydride (MAPP) and different elastomers were manufactured by extrusion compounding and injection molding. The main focus of this study was to comparatively investigate the effect of three kinds of elastomers (ethylene–propylene–diene monomer (EPDM), polyethylene–octene (POE) and ethylene–vinyl–acetate (EVA)) on non-isothermal crystallization and mechanical properties of the composites with various BF contents. The tensile test results showed that BF had a reinforcing effect on PP resin, and the addition of MAPP further improved the tensile properties by the enhancement of PP/BF interfacial bonding. Among the elastomers, EPDM was more effective in improving the tensile strength and tensile modulus, while POE significantly toughened the impact strength. Micrographs of scanning electron microscope on the impact fracture surfaces indicated a good dispersion by the addition of POE and EPDM, while some agglomerations were observed in the presence of EVA. The non-isothermal crystallization kinetics were investigated based on Avrami and Mo equations at six different cooling rates by using differential scanning calorimetry. Micrographic images of polarized optical microscopy showed that the spherulite size of PP reduced in the presence of EPDM and EVA.
KeywordsPolypropylene (PP) Basalt fiber (BF) Elastomers Mechanical properties Crystallization behavior
This work was financially supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (DUT17RC(4)57) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015M571300).
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