Effect of acid-treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes on thermo-oxidative stability and degradation behavior of silicone rubber
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The effect of acid-treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on thermo-oxidative stability and degradation behavior of silicone rubber (SR) was evaluated. Raman microscopy, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermogravimetric (TG) analysis were performed to characterize the surface states of MWCNTs samples. The results demonstrated that after acid treatment the nanodefects and surface oxygen-containing groups (mainly hydroxyl and carboxyl groups) were formed and the number of them was gradually increased by increasing the treatment time. Then these MWCNTs were embedded into SR matrix. Furthermore, the thermo-oxidative stability and degradation behavior of MWCNTs/SR composites were studied using thermogravimetric/infrared spectrometry (TG-IR). Thermo-oxidative stability test in air revealed that the degradation of SR, at relatively low temperature, was mainly due to the oxidation of Si-CH3 side groups and the generation of free radicals. This behavior was hindered by the MWCNTs’ surface nanodefects and hydroxyl groups, as proved by TG-IR study which revealed that the amount of carbonyl compounds was reduced more than 60%, compared with that of neat SR. Therefore, acid treatment led a better thermo-oxidative stability of MWCNTs/SR. For 4hAT-MWCNTs/SR, with maximum hydroxyl groups on MWCNTs surface, the Ti (defined as the temperature for 5% mass loss) of it is increased by 34.8 °C compared to that of neat SR, and even increased by 18.5 °C compared with that of raw-MWCNTs/SR.
KeywordsSilicone rubber Thermo-oxidative stability Multi-walled carbon nanotubes Acid treatment Oxygen-containing groups
The authors wish to thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51273143) for supporting this research.
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