Low-temperature heat capacity and standard thermodynamic functions of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium lactate
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The heat capacities of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium lactate ionic liquids ([C4mim][Lact]) were measured with a highly accurate automatic adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 79 to 406 K. And the experimental values of molar heat capacities were fitted to a polynomial equation using least square method in the appropriate temperature ranges. The standard molar heat capacity was determined to be 1734.46 ± 5.12 J K−1 mol−1 at 298.15 K. The molar enthalpy and molar entropy of the transition were determined to be 15.575 ± 0.045 and 64.44 ± 0.14 J K−1 mol−1. Other thermodynamic properties, such as (HT − H298.15) and (ST − S298.15), were also calculated. Furthermore, when the temperature reaches 241.87 K, the strongest peaks appeared by analysis of the heat capacity curve. This phenomenon could be explained from the interionic interaction, which is the hydrogen bond between the anions and cations.
KeywordsLactate Thermodynamic properties Heat capacity Adiabatic calorimeter Ionic liquids
This project was financially supported by National Nature Science Foundation of China NSFC (Nos. 21673107, 21471073, 21373005) and National Key Technology R&D Program 2015BAB03B03.
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