Thermal degradation and flammability of polyamide 11 filled with nanoboehmite
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The flame-retardant effect of rod-like nanoboehmite was evaluated in biobased polyamide 11. Thermal analysis reveals that hydrated nanofillers modify the degradation pathway of polyamide 11 turning from a two-step to a single-step mechanism. The polymer thermal stability is increased due to interactions between polar groups and filler surface hydroxyl groups. Despite this improved thermal stability, polyamide 11/nanoboehmite composites exhibit shorter times to ignition in cone calorimeter. The phenomenon was attributed to changes in thermoradiative properties leading to a faster heating of the polymer surface. The most significant flame-retardant action is a reduction in heat release rate that was related to a barrier effect while endothermic water release seems to play a minor role.
KeywordsPolyamide 11 Nanoboehmite Thermal degradation Flammability Flame retardant
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