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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 129, Issue 2, pp 869–884 | Cite as

Thermal behavior of novel catanionic cholates

XRPD technique in solving problems
  • Tea MiheljEmail author
  • Vlasta Tomašić
  • Jasminka Popović
  • Željko Skoko
Article

Abstract

In this article, we bring new insight into room temperature structure of catanionic cholates and complement their thermal behavior given by the conventional thermal techniques with the XRPD technique. The comparative study of the addition of each dodecyl chain and ammonium group is made bearing in mind the complete architecture of synthesized cholates. The examined samples are crystal smectic phases at room temperature, with proposed sandwich-type structure, promoted by cholates architecture. For most of the studied compounds, thermal behavior is characterized as formation of structural varieties and/or polymorphs as low-temperature phases and formation of high-temperature mesomorphic, lamellae-like phases. The exception is dimeric dicholate, which only forms SmA phase before its decomposition. The dependence of the isotropization temperatures, enthalpy and entropy changes, on the increasing ammonium headgroup number, points to the fact that thermal stability of these catanionics depends on the structure of cationic component that is its constituent, where cholate anion shows minor effect. The chemistry of amphiphiles, their supramolecular behavior and thermotropic affinity is at the frontier of the contemporary research and design of the new functional materials, because this is simple but effective way to control the nature and location of reactions. From that point of view, the systematic analysis of physico-chemical properties of various catanionic amphiphiles brings new findings of their chemical structure–properties relationship, therefore enabling simpler and reliable way of new materials synthesis with desired properties.

Keywords

Sodium cholate Atypical bilayer X-ray powder diffraction Thermal behavior Thermotropic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work has received support from the Science Foundation of the Republic of Croatia (Project HRZZ-5055). We are grateful to dr. sc. Darija Jurašin, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, for gifting the dimeric and oligomeric quaternary ammonium bromides.

Supplementary material

10973_2017_6193_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (598 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 598 kb)

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tea Mihelj
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vlasta Tomašić
    • 1
  • Jasminka Popović
    • 2
  • Željko Skoko
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory for Synthesis And Processes of Self-Assembling of Organic Molecules, Department of Physical ChemistryRuđer Bošković InstituteZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Division for Materials PhysicsRuđer Bošković InstituteZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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