Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 124, Issue 2, pp 667–673 | Cite as

Reaction kinetics of mechanically activated cordierite-based ceramics studied via DTA

  • Nina Obradović
  • Nataša Đorđević
  • Suzana Filipović
  • Smilja Marković
  • Darko Kosanović
  • Miodrag Mitrić
  • Vladimir Pavlović
Article

Abstract

Since cordierite, 2MgO·2Al2O3·5SiO2 (MAS), is a very useful high-temperature ceramic material, it is important to decrease its sintering temperature. In order to accelerate the process of sintering, 5.00 mass% MoO3 was added to the starting mixtures. The mechanical activation of the starting mixtures was performed in a high-energy ball mill in time intervals from 0 to 160 min. After the activation, starting mixtures were sintered at 1300 °C for 2 h. In order to determine the impact of mechanical activation on particle size distribution and powders morphology, the mechanically treated powders were characterized by a laser light-scattering particle size analyzer and scanning electron microscopy. The phase composition of the starting mixtures and sintered samples was analyzed by the X-ray diffraction method. In order to determine temperature intervals of chemical reactions and phase transitions, differential thermal analyses (DTA) and thermo-gravimetric analysis were used. Kissinger’s equation was employed to calculate apparent activation energies of various processes that occur within the system during heating. Based on the obtained DTA results, it was established that mechanical activation along with MoO3 additive has influence on sintering temperature which was decreased for more than 100 °C, comparing to the literature data.

Keywords

Mechanical activation DTA–TG Sintering Kinetics Cordierite 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nina Obradović
    • 1
  • Nataša Đorđević
    • 2
  • Suzana Filipović
    • 1
  • Smilja Marković
    • 1
  • Darko Kosanović
    • 1
  • Miodrag Mitrić
    • 3
  • Vladimir Pavlović
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Technical Sciences of SASABelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw MaterialsBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Vinča Institute of Nuclear SciencesUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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