Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp 1293–1298 | Cite as

Halloysite nanotubes as sustainable nanofiller for paper consolidation and protection

  • Giuseppe Cavallaro
  • Giuseppe LazzaraEmail author
  • Stefana Milioto
  • Filippo Parisi


We investigated the filling process of cellulose-based paper with natural clay nanotubes and their mixtures with hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) that is commonly used as glue and consolidant for degraded paper. A comprehensive characterization of the materials was carried out through morphology, wettability, thermal degradation, and tensile properties. The treatment with halloysite nanotubes generated a decrease of the paper mechanical performance and did not alter the thermal properties. The co-presence of HPC and nanoparticles generated a more uniform nanotubes distribution in the paper fibrous structure and a significant enhancement of both the mechanical properties and the surface hydrophobicity with respect to the HPC treatment. This work proposes the use of halloysite/HPC mixture in a new protocol for paper consolidation and represents a starting point to develop, with a biocompatible approach, smart composite material in which the nanotube cavity is filled with active species for paper protection or active response to external stimuli.


TG DMA Halloysite Paper 



The work was financially supported by the University of Palermo, PRIN 2010-2011 (prot. 2010329WPF) and FIRB 2012 (prot. RBFR12ETL5).

Supplementary material

10973_2014_3865_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 4641 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Cavallaro
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Lazzara
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stefana Milioto
    • 1
  • Filippo Parisi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and ChemistryUniversità degli Studi di PalermoPalermoItaly

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