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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 115, Issue 1, pp 587–593 | Cite as

Thermal analysis of phase transitions in perovskite electroceramics

  • S. E. Young
  • H. Z. Guo
  • C. Ma
  • M. R. Kessler
  • X. TanEmail author
Article

Abstract

Perovskite oxide ceramics have found wide applications in energy storage capacitors, electromechanical transducers, and infrared imaging devices due to their unique dielectric, piezoelectric, pyroelectric, and ferroelectric properties. These functional properties are intimately related to the complex displacive phase transitions that readily occur. In this study, these solid–solid phase transitions are characterized with dielectric measurements, dynamic mechanical analysis, thermomechanical analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry in an antiferroelectric lead-containing composition, Pb0.99Nb0.02[(Zr0.57Sn0.43)0.92Ti0.08]0.98O3, and in a relaxor ferrielectric lead-free composition, (Bi1/2Na1/2)0.93Ba0.07TiO3. The (Bi1/2Na1/2)0.93Ba0.07TiO3 ceramic develops strong piezoelectricity through electric field-induced phase transitions during the poling process. The combined thermal analysis techniques clearly reveal the differences in unpoled and poled ceramics.

Keywords

Antiferroelectrics Lead-free Phase transition Thermal analysis DSC DMA TMA 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through Grant CMMI-1027873.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Young
    • 1
  • H. Z. Guo
    • 1
  • C. Ma
    • 1
  • M. R. Kessler
    • 1
  • X. Tan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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