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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 108, Issue 3, pp 915–919 | Cite as

Thermal, spectral, and diffraction properties of Co-exchanged montmorillonite with 2-, 3-, and 4-hydroxyphenol

  • R. Janík
  • E. Jóna
  • M. Pajtášová
  • D. Ondrušová
  • P. Lizák
  • V. Pavlík
  • R. Durný
  • S. C. Mojumdar
Article

Abstract

The influence of the 2-, 3-, and 4-OH phenols on the type of interaction with Co-exchanged montmorillonite and thermal properties of these materials were studied. The results of XRD, IR, and thermal (TG, DTG) analysis show that organic species are intercalated into the interlayer space of montmorillonite. Thermal decomposition in the temperature interval 20–700 °C of studied samples with 2- and 3-hydroxyphenol proceeds in three steps (the release of adsorbed H2O molecules, combustion/desorption of protonated hydroxy phenols and dehydroxylation), while the sample with 4-hydroxyphenol decompose in four steps (the new peak at ~222 °C corresponds to directly coordinated organic species). The effect of different position of the hydroxyl groups on the phenol ring on the thermal decomposition is evident.

Keywords

Co-exchanged montmorillonite 2-, 3-, and 4-hydroxyphenols TG DTG IR-spectroscopy X-ray diffraction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the Slovak Grant Agency (KEGA: 002 TnUAD 4/2011) for the financial support.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Janík
    • 1
  • E. Jóna
    • 1
  • M. Pajtášová
    • 1
  • D. Ondrušová
    • 1
  • P. Lizák
    • 2
  • V. Pavlík
    • 3
  • R. Durný
    • 4
  • S. C. Mojumdar
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Technologies and EnvironmentUniversity of TrenčínPúchovSlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Industrial TechnologiesTrenčín University of A. DubčekTrenčínSlovakia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
  4. 4.Slovak Institute of MetrologyBratislavaSlovakia

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