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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 107, Issue 2, pp 843–851 | Cite as

Aqueous nanostructures in water induced by electromagnetic fields emitted by EDS

A conductometric study of fullerene and carbon nanotube EDS
  • V. EliaEmail author
  • L. A. Marrari
  • E. Napoli
Article

Abstract

This article reports the experimental results of a conductometric study on the time evolution, over a 541-day period, of 450 samples of Extremely Diluted Solutions (EDS) of fullerene and carbon nanotube and 450 samples of twice-distilled water, stored in alternate rows of EDS and water spaced 0.5 cm apart. The purpose was to establish whether these two aqueous systems are able to transmit, via electromagnetic fields, their variations in the supramolecular structure of the solvent water which has not undergone any previous perturbation. The chemical-physical method employed was conductometry, which proved to be the simplest and most efficient means for quickly and accurately monitoring the structural variations. In addition, since it has been demonstrated that there is a clear linear correlation between specific conductivity and heat of mixing with alkaline solutions, the conductometric result can also be extended to the calorimetric result. These findings, though doubtless unexpected and intriguing, are highly significant. The alterations over time of the pure water samples follow those of the EDS surprisingly closely.

Keywords

Water EDS Extremely Diluted Solutions Electromagnetics fields Dissipative structures Conductivity measures 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity “Federico II” Complesso Universitario di Monte S’AngeloNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Laboratories BoironSegrateItaly

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