Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 104, Issue 1, pp 87–100 | Cite as

Functional nonparametric classification of wood species from thermal data

  • Javier Tarrío-SaavedraEmail author
  • Salvador Naya
  • Mario Francisco-Fernández
  • Jorge López-Beceiro
  • Ramón Artiaga


In this study, thermogravimetric (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curves, obtained by means of a simultaneous TG/DSC analyzer, and statistical functional nonparametric methods are used to classify different wood species. The temperature ranges, where the highest probability of correct classification is reached, are also computed. As each observation is a curve, a nonparametric functional discriminant technique based on the Bayes rule and the Nadaraya–Watson regression estimator is used. It assigns a future observation to the highest probability predefined class (supervised classification). The smoothing parameter needed in this nonparametric method is selected according to the cross-validation technique. The method proposed is applied to a sample of 49 wood items (7 per wood class) and also to classify between hardwoods and softwoods. In all the cases, the samples have been successfully classified, obtaining better results with the TG curves. The results are compared with those obtained with other nonparametric methods based on boosting algorithm. A discussion about the relation of the obtained results with the referenced wood component degradation temperature ranks is presented.


Wood Nonparametric classification Functional data analysis Thermal analysis 



This study was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science MTM2008-00166 (ERDF included), and by Xunta de Galicia, under Grant No.PGIDIT07PXIB105259PR. The authors wish to express special thanks to Manuel Febrero Bande for his valuable comments.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javier Tarrío-Saavedra
    • 1
    Email author
  • Salvador Naya
    • 2
  • Mario Francisco-Fernández
    • 1
  • Jorge López-Beceiro
    • 3
  • Ramón Artiaga
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Matemáticas. Facultad de InformáticaUniversidade da CoruñaCorunnaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Matemáticas. Escuela Politécnica SuperiorUniversidade da CoruñaCorunnaSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Ingeniería Industrial II. Escuela Politécnica SuperiorUniversidade da CoruñaCorunnaSpain

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