Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp 123–138

Resolution of problems in soft matter dynamics by combining calorimetry and other spectroscopies

  • K. L. Ngai
  • S. Capaccioli
  • M. Shahin Thayyil
  • N. Shinyashiki
Article

Abstract

In several current important problems in different areas of soft matter physics, controversy persists in interpreting the molecular dynamics observed by various spectroscopies including dielectric relaxation, light scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, and neutron scattering. Outstanding examples include: (1) relaxation of water in aqueous mixtures, in molecular sieves and silica-gel nanopores, and in hydration shell of proteins; and (2) dynamics of each component in binary miscible polymer blends, in mixtures of an amorphous polymer with a small molecular glassformer, and in binary mixtures of two small molecular glassformers. We show the applications of calorimetry to these problems have enhanced our understanding of the dynamics and eliminated the controversies.

Keywords

Glass transition Thermal analysis Adiabatic calorimetry Water Aqueous mixtures Water in nano-confinement Hydration water Hydrated protein Polymer blends Polymer solutions 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. L. Ngai
    • 1
  • S. Capaccioli
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Shahin Thayyil
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • N. Shinyashiki
    • 5
  1. 1.Naval Research LaboratoryWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.CNR-INFM, PolyLabPisaItaly
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CalicutCalicutIndia
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsTokai UniversityHiratsukaJapan

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