Thermal properties of poly(lactic acid)/organo-montmorillonite nanocomposites
Poly(lactic acid)/organo-montmorillonite nanocomposites were prepared by melt intercalation technique. Maleic anhydride-grafted ethylene propylene rubber (EPMgMA) was added into the PLA/OMMT in order to improve the compatibility and toughness of the nanocomposites. The samples were prepared by single screw extrusion followed by compression molding. The effect of OMMT and EPMgMA on the thermal properties of PLA was studied. The thermal properties of the PLA/OMMT nanocomposites have been investigated by using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and thermo-gravimetry analyzer (TG). The melting temperature (T m), glass transition temperature (T g), crystallization temperature (T c), degree of crystallinity (χc), and thermal stability of the PLA/OMMT nanocomposites have been studied. It was found that the thermal properties of PLA were greatly influenced by the addition of OMMT and EPMgMA.
KeywordsEPMgMA nanocomposites organo-montmorillonite poly(lactic acid) thermal properties
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