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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 94, Issue 3, pp 841–848 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of anion-cation surfactants modified montmorillonite

  • D. Chen
  • J. X. Zhu
  • P. Yuan
  • S. J. Yang
  • T. -H. Chen
  • H. P. He
Regular Papers

Abstract

A series of anion-cation surfactants modified organoclays are prepared by incorporating both cationic surfactant, hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMAB), and anionic surfactant, sodiumdodecyl sulfonate (SDS), to montmorillonite. The added amounts of surfactant varied from 0.2 to 4.0 CEC of the used montmorillonite, similar to those reported in literature. A combination of elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis is used in the characterization of the resulting organoclays. The experimental results show that anionic surfactants can not be intercalated into the montmorillonite whereas they can be loaded onto cationic modified montmorillonite, resulting in a further increase of organic carbon content of the resulting organoclays. This study demonstrates that SDS can be intercalated into montmorillonite interlayer space through the interaction with HDTMAB rather than by ion exchange. The intercalation of SDS results in an increase of the basal spacing of the resulting organoclays when comparing with HDTMAB modified montmorillonite and higher decomposition temperature of the intercalated surfactants when comparing with them in bulk state. These new insights are of high importance in the application of organoclays in the fields of remediation of polluted water and synthesis of clay based nanocomposites.

Keywords

hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide montmorillonite nano-materials organoclay sodiumdodecyl sulfonate 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. X. Zhu
    • 1
  • P. Yuan
    • 1
  • S. J. Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. -H. Chen
    • 3
  • H. P. He
    • 1
  1. 1.Guangzhou Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Natural Resources & EnvironmentHefei University of TechnologyHefeiChina

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