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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 89, Issue 2, pp 407–415 | Cite as

A historical and current perspective on predicting thermal cookoff behavior

  • A. K. BurnhamEmail author
  • R. K. Weese
  • A. P. Wemhoff
  • J. L. Maienschein
Article

Abstract

Prediction of thermal explosions using chemical kinetic models dates back nearly a century. However, it has only been within the past 25 years that kinetic models and digital computers made reliable predictions possible. Two basic approaches have been used to derive chemical kinetic models for high explosives: [1] measurement of the reaction rate of small samples by mass loss (thermogravimetric analysis, TG), heat release (differential scanning calorimetry, DSC), or evolved gas analysis (mass spectrometry, infrared spectrometry, etc.) or [2] inference from larger-scale experiments measuring the critical temperature (T m, lowest T for self-initiation), the time to explosion as a function of temperature, and sometimes a few other results, such as temperature profiles. Some of the basic principles of chemical kinetics involved are outlined, and major advances in these two approaches through the years are reviewed.

Keywords

chemical kinetics energetic materials explosives thermal explosions thermal ignition 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Burnham
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. K. Weese
    • 1
  • A. P. Wemhoff
    • 1
  • J. L. Maienschein
    • 1
  1. 1.Energetic Materials CenterLawrence Livermore National LaboratoryLivermoreUSA

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