Cure characterization and viscosity development of ring-opening metathesis polymerized resins

Article

Abstract

The ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) kinetics of three different norbornene-based monomers, ethylidene norbornene (ENB), endo-dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) and exo-DCPD, in the presence of Grubbs’ catalyst are examined using differential scanning calorimetry and rheokinetic viscosity measurements. Several different parameters were considered, such as, the monomer healing agents (including different monomer mixtures), the catalyst concentration, and test temperature to determine how these parameters influence cure development. The polymerization kinetics, quantified by exothermic peak locations in the case of differential scanning calorimetry and rheokinetic transition times in the case of viscosity measurements, are shown to be highly dependent on monomer type and catalyst concentration. The ENB monomer had the fastest kinetics even at the lowest catalyst concentration compared to the other diene monomers and mixtures.

Keywords

DSC norbornene rheokinetics ROMP 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Schwab, P, Grubbs, RH, Ziller, JW 1996J. Am. Chem. Soc.118100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. A. M. Toner, P. Leslie and J. O. Frost, Proc. of SAMPE 2004, Long Beach, CA USA 2004 p. 3381.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kessler, MR, Sottos, NR, White, SR 2003Composites Part A34743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    White, SR, Sottos, NR, Geubelle, PH, Moore, JS, Kessler, MR, Sriram, SR, Brown, EN, Viswanathan, S 2001Nature409794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lee, JK, Hong, SJ, Liu, X, Yoon, SH 2004Macromol. Res.12478Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jamroz, ME, Galka, S, Dobrowolski, JC 2003J. Mol. Struct.634225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rule, JD, Moore, JS 2002Macromol.357878CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nelson, GL, Kuo, CL 1975Synthesis1105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fisher, RA, Grubbs, RH 1992Makromolekulare Chemie-Macromolecular Symposia63271Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kessler, MR, White, SR 2002J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem.402373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Friedman, HL 1963J. Polym. Sci. Part C: Polym. Symp.6183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cioffi, M, Ganzeveld, KJ, Hoffmann, AC, Janssen, LPBM 2002Polym. Eng. Sci.422383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cioffi, M, Ganzeveld, KJ, Hoffmann, AC, Janssen, LPBM 2004Polym. Eng. Sci.44179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cioffi, M, Hoffmann, AC, Janssen, LPBM 2001Polym. Eng. Sci.41595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sanford, MS, Love, JA, Grubbs, RH 2001J. Am. Chem. Soc.1236543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    X. Liu, K. L. Jong, S. H. Yoon and M. R. Kessler, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., (2005) in press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kessler M. R. 
    • 1
  • Larin G. E. 
    • 2
  • Bernklau N. 
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringIowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThe University of TulsaTulsaUSA

Personalised recommendations