Advertisement

Synthesis of Ag–Carbon–TiO2 composite tubes and their antibacterial and organic degradation properties

  • Lijun JiEmail author
  • Xiang Qin
  • Jingjing Zheng
  • Shu Zhou
  • Tong Xu
  • Guojun ShiEmail author
Original Paper: Nano-structured materials (particles, fibers, colloids, composites, etc.)
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Ag–Carbon–TiO2 composite tubes were prepared by using polystyrene/AgNO3 composite fibers as a sacrifice template and a co-pyrolysis process. The Ag–Carbon–TiO2 tubes were characterized by SEM, TEM, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrum, XPS, and UV–vis spectrum. The results showed that the Ag–Carbon–TiO2 tubes possessed uniform tubular structure with amorphous carbon, graphitic carbon, and Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) distributing uniformly in TiO2. The Ag–Carbon–TiO2 tubes were confirmed high UV–vis light utilization and photocatalytic degradation efficiency to Rhodamine B due to the carbon doping, the surface plasmon resonance of AgNPs and the tubular structure, and the degradation of Rhodamine B reached 90% in 6 h. Meanwhile, they showed an excellent antibacterial effect on staphylococcus aureus, and the fatality rate of Ag–Carbon–TiO2 tubes to staphylococcus aureus reached 99.9% in 24 h when its concentration was higher than 4 mg/ml. The co-pyrolysis process could repress the AgNPs to grow to be large particles, which could be a key for the excellent antibacterial property. The research showed a promising strategy for preparing Ag–Carbon–TiO2 composite tubes by co-pyrolysis of PS composite electrospinning fibers, indicating their potential application in wastewater treatment and antibacterial materials.

Highlights

  • Ag-Carbon-TiO2 composite tubes are prepared by co-pyrolysis of polystyrene/AgNO3 fibers.

  • AgNPs distribute uniformly in C doped TiO2 due to the co-pyrolysis process.

  • The Ag-Carbon-TiO2 tubes have a thin tube wall without broken or crumbling.

  • The size growth of AgNPs can be repressed by the co-pyrolysis process.

  • The Ag-Carbon-TiO2 tubes show excellent antibacterial and oganic degradation properties.

Keywords

Carbon doping PS fiber TiO2 Ag nanoparticles Water treatment Antibacterial property 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20131226), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51273171 and 51673090), and a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Komatsuda S, Asakura Y, Vequizo JJM et al. (2018) Enhanced photocatalytic NO decomposition of visible-light responsive F-TiO2/(N,C)-TiO2 by charge transfer between F-TiO2 and (N,C)-TiO2 through their doping levels. Appl Catal B 238:358–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Matsunaga T, Tomoda R, Nakajima T, Wake H (1985) Photochemical sterilization of microbial cells by semiconductor powders. FEMS Microbiol Lett 29:211–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xie A, Zhou X, Zhou W et al. (2016) Preparation and enhanced photocatalytic activity of S-doped TiO2/palygorskite composites. Mater Technol 322:65–271Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ksibi M, Rossignol S, Tatibouët JM, Trapalis C (2008) Synthesis and solid characterization of nitrogen and sulfur-doped TiO2 photocatalysts active under near visible light. Mater Lett 62:4204–4206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jaiswal R, Bharambe J, Patel N et al. (2015) Copper and nitrogen co-doped TiO2 photocatalyst with enhanced optical absorption and catalytic activity. Appl Catal B 168-169:333–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yu H, Shi R, Zhao Y et al. (2016) Smart utilization of carbon dots in semiconductor photocatalysis. Adv Mater 28:9454–9477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Valentin D, Cristiana, Pacchioni G, Selloni A (2005) Theory of carbon doping of titanium dioxide. Chem Mater 17:6656–6665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rim AH, HyeLa A, Byoung KW, Jin AH (2014) Nitrogen-doped TiO2 nanoparticle-carbon nanofiber composites as a counter electrode for Pt-free dye-sensitized solar cells. ECS Solid State Lett 3:33–36Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Taha Aboueloyoun A (2015) Direct synthesis of mesostructured carbon nanofibers decorated with silver-nanoparticles as a multifunctional membrane for water treatment. Adv Nat Sci 6:045003Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang Y, Yan C, Chen L et al. (2017) Controllable charge transfer in Ag-TiO2 composite structure for sers application. Nanomaterials 7:159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jbeli A, Hamden Z, Bouattour S et al. (2018) Chitosan-Ag-TiO2 films: an effective photocatalyst under visible light. Carbohydr Polym 199:31–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fei J, Li J (2015) Controlled preparation of porous TiO2-Ag nanostructures through supramolecular assembly for plasmon-enhanced photocatalysis. Adv Mater 27:314–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yu J, Xiong J, Cheng B, Liu S (2005) Fabrication and characterization of Ag–TiO2 multiphase nanocomposite thin films with enhanced photocatalytic activity. Appl Catal B 60:211–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhao T, Xing Z, Xiu Z et al. (2019) Synergistic effect of surface plasmon resonance, Ti(3+) and oxygen vacancy defects on Ag/MoS2/TiO2-x ternary heterojunctions with enhancing photothermal catalysis for low-temperature wastewater degradation. J Hazard Mater 364:117–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu N, Zhu Q, Zhang N et al. (2019) Superior disinfection effect of Escherichia coli by hydrothermal synthesized TiO2-based composite photocatalyst under LED irradiation: Influence of environmental factors and disinfection mechanism. Environ Pollut 247:847–856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang Y, Liu L, Xu L et al. (2013) Ag/TiO2 nanofiber heterostructures: Highly enhanced photocatalysts under visible light. J Appl Phys 113:174311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang W, Wang S, Lv J et al. (2018) Enhanced photoresponse and photocatalytic activities of graphene quantum dots sensitized Ag/TiO2 thin film. J Am Ceram Soc 101:5469–5476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liu Y, Hou C, Jiao T et al. (2018) Self-assembled AgNP-containing nanocomposites constructed by electrospinning as efficient dye photocatalyst materials for wastewater treatment. Nanomaterials 8:35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hua Z, Dai Z, Bai X et al. (2015) A facile one-step electrochemical strategy of doping iron, nitrogen, and fluorine into titania nanotube arrays with enhanced visible light photoactivity. J Hazard Mater 293:112–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ji L, Zhang Y, Miao S et al. (2017) In situ synthesis of carbon doped TiO2 nanotubes with an enhanced photocatalytic performance under UV and visible light. Carbon 125:544–550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gao C, Cheng H, Xu N et al. (2019) Poly(dopamine) and Ag nanoparticle-loaded TiO2 nanotubes with optimized antibacterial and ROS-scavenging bioactivities. Nanomedicine 14:803–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhu Q, Hu X, Stanislaus MS et al. (2017) A novel P/Ag/Ag2O/Ag3PO4/TiO2 composite film for water purification and antibacterial application under solar light irradiation. Sci Total Environ 577:236–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hamal DB, Klabunde KJ (2007) Synthesis, characterization, and visible light activity of new nanoparticle photocatalysts based on silver, carbon, and sulfur-doped TiO2. J Colloid Interface Sci 311:514–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chen Q, Shi H, Shi W et al. (2012) Enhanced visible photocatalytic activity of titania–silica photocatalysts: effect of carbon and silver doping. Catal Sci Technol 2:1213–1220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Liu X, Luo Y, Wu T, Huang J (2012) Antibacterial activity of hierarchical nanofibrous titania–carbon composite material deposited with silver nanoparticles. N J Chem 36:2568–2573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Li S, Huang J (2015) A nanofibrous silver-nanoparticle/titania/carbon composite as an anode material for lithium ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 3:4354–4360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhang L, Han M, Tan OK et al. (2013) Facile fabrication of Ag/C-TiO2 nanoparticles with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity for disinfection of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis. J Mater Chem B 1:564–570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Qiang L, Zhi-Bo Z, Chang-Qing D et al. (2014) Improved visible-light photocatalytic activity of bi-crystalline mesoporous titania codoped with carbon and silver. Int J Inorg Mater 29:1333–1338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Jabbari V, Hamadanianm, Karimzadeh S, Villagrán D (2016) Enhanced charge carrier efficiency and solar light-induced photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanoparticles through doping of silver nanoclusters and C–N–S nonmetals. J Ind Eng Chem 35:132–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhang X, Ge M, Dong J et al. (2019) Polydopamine-inspired esign and synthesis of visible-light driven Ag NPs@C@elongated TiO2 NTs core−shell nanocomposites for sustainable hydrogen generation. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 7:558–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Guan Z, Jin P, Liu Q et al. (2019) Carbon quantum dots/Ag sensitized TiO2 nanotube film for applications in photocathodic protection. J Alloy Compd 797:912–921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Mohammad MR, Ahmed DS, Mohammed MKA (2019) Synthesis of Ag-doped TiO2 nanoparticles coated with carbon nanotubes by the sol–gel method and their antibacterial activities. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 90:498–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Haider AJ, Mohammed MR, Al-Mulla EAJ, Ahmed DS (2014) Synthesis of silver nanoparticle decorated carbon nanotubes and its antimicrobial activity against growth of bacteria. Rendiconti Lincei 25:403–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cheng C, Tan X, Lu D et al. (2015) Carbon-dot-sensitized, nitrogen-doped TiO2 in mesoporous silica for water decontamination through nonhydrophobic enrichment-degradation mode. Chemistry 21:17944–17950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yang G, Yin H, Liu W et al. (2018) Synergistic Ag/TiO2-N photocatalytic system and its enhanced antibacterial activity towards acinetobacter baumannii. Appl Catal B 224:175–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mohamed MA, Salleh WNW, Jaafar J et al. (2017) Carbon as amorphous shell and interstitial dopant in mesoporous rutile TiO2: bio-template assisted sol-gel synthesis and photocatalytic activity. Appl Surf Sci 393:46–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Xing M, Zhang J, Chen F, Tian B (2011) An economic method to prepare vacuum activated photocatalysts with high photo-activities and photosensitivities. Chem Commun 47:4947–4949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Shao J, Sheng W, Wang M et al. (2017) In situ synthesis of carbon-doped TiO2 single-crystal nanorods with a remarkably photocatalytic efficiency. Appl Catal B 209:311–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Yao L, Wang W, Liang Y et al. (2019) Plasmon-enhanced visible light photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic activity of gold nanoparticle-decorated hierarchical TiO2/Bi2WO6 nanorod arrays. Appl Surf Sci 469:829–840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Wu X, Yin S, Dong Q et al. (2013) Synthesis of high visible light active carbon doped TiO2 photocatalyst by a facile calcination assisted solvothermal method. Appl Catal B 142-143:450–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Liu J, Zhu W, Yu S, Yan X (2014) Three dimensional carbogenic dots/TiO2 nanoheterojunctions with enhanced visible light-driven photocatalytic activity. Carbon 79:369–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Li M, Lu B, Ke Q et al. (2017) Synergetic effect between adsorption and photodegradation on nanostructured TiO2/activated carbon fiber felt porous composites for toluene removal. J Hazard Mater 333:88–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Yang C, Zhang X, Qin J et al. (2017) Porous carbon-doped TiO2 on TiC nanostructures for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen production under visible light. J Catal 347:36–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Ge M, Cao C, Li S et al. (2016) In situ plasmonic Ag nanoparticle anchored TiO2 nanotube arrays as visible-light-driven photocatalysts for enhanced water splitting. Nanoscale 8:5226–5234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Zhang Y, Gong M, Liu X et al. (2018) Preparation of activated carbon nanotube foams loaded with Ag-doped TiO2 for highly efficient photocatalytic degradation under UV and visible light. J Mater Sci 54:2975–2989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Scott T, Zhao H, Deng W et al. (2019) Photocatalytic degradation of phenol in water under simulated sunlight by an ultrathin MgO coated Ag/TiO2 nanocomposite. Chemosphere 216:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Wang X, Xiang Y, Zhou B et al. (2019) Enhanced photocatalytic performance of Ag/TiO2 nanohybrid sensitized by black phosphorus nanosheets in visible and near-infrared light. J Colloid Interface Sci 534:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Chaudhary D, Singh S, Vankar VD, Khare N (2017) A ternary Ag/TiO2/CNT photoanode for efficient photoelectrochemical water splitting under visible light irradiation. Int J Hydrog Energy 42:7826–7835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Mandari KK, Kwak BS, Police AKR, Kang M (2017) In-situ photo-reduction of silver particles and their SPR effect in enhancing the photocatalytic water splitting of Ag2O/TiO2 photocatalysts under solar light irradiation: a case study. Mater Res Bull 95:515–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Liu Y, Xu G, Lv H (2018) Ag modified Fe-doping TiO2 nanoparticles and nanowires with enhanced photocatalytic activities for hydrogen production and volatile organic pollutant degradation. J Mater Sci 29:10504–10516Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Li X, Gao Y, Liu J et al. (2017) Facile synthesis of Ti3+ doped Ag/AgI-TiO2 nanoparticles with efficient visible-light photocatalytic activity. Int J Hydrog Energy 42:13031–13038CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringYangzhou UniversityYangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations