Advertisement

Energy storage performance of Na0.5K0.5NbO3-P(VDF-TrFE) lead-free composite films

  • Yang Liu
  • Zhiliang Diao
  • Chao Zhao
  • Wen WangEmail author
  • Yu Zhou
Original Paper: Sol-gel and hybrid materials for dielectric, electronic, magnetic and ferroelectric applications
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The lead-free Na0.5K0.5NbO3-Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) (KNN-P(VDF-TrFE)) composite films were prepared by sol-spin coating method. The KNN film was annealed at 700 °C for 3 min with the P(VDF-TrFE) film annealed then at 160 °C for 2 h. The ferroelectric and energy storage properties of composite films were also investigated. The energy storage density of the composite films reached 7.58 J/cm3, and the efficiency was 52%. In addition, the KNN-P(VDF-TrFE) composite films showed weak leakage behavior.

(a) Schematic diagram of the composite films. (b) P-E hysteresis loops of KNN-P(VDF-TrFE) composite films with different film layers and concentration of P(VDF-TrFE) at 1 kHz, the annealing process was 160 °C for 2 hours. “K/0.02 P × 1” means “KNN-1 layer of P(VDF-TrFE) composite films, and the solution is 0.02 g/ml”. (c) Leakage current density of composite films at 1000 kV/cm.

Highlights

  • The P(VDF-TrFE) (Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene)) films were annealed at different temperatures and characterized by Integrated Ferroelectric Measurement System and then get the storage density of 3.30 J/cm3 at the η = 33%.

  • The 2-2 KNN-P(VDF-TrFE) composite films were prepared to get high energy storage density for the first time.

  • The ferroelectric and energy storage performance of KNN-P(VDF-TrFE) composite films were studied and the storage density can reach 7.58 J/cm3 at the η = 52%.

Keywords

Energy storage Na0.5K0.5NbO3(KNN) Poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene)(P(VDF-TrFE)) Composite films 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51372055, 51621091).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. The manuscript has been approved by all authors listed and it is an original research that has not been published previously or under consideration for publication in whole or in part elsewhere.

References

  1. 1.
    Osada M, Sasaki T (2012) Two-dimensional dielectric nanosheets: novel nanoelectronics from nanocrystal building blocks. Adv Mater 24(2):210–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang Y, Zhou X, Chen Q et al. (2010) Recent development of high energy density polymers for dielectric capacitors. IEEE Trans Dielectr Electr Insul 17(4):1036–1042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Luo X, Wang J, Dooner M et al. (2015) Overview of current development in electrical energy storage technologies and the application potential in power system operation. Appl Energy 137:511–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang T, Li W, Hou Y et al. (2017) High-energy storage density and excellent temperature stability in antiferroelectric/ferroelectric bilayer thin films. J Am Ceram Soc 100(7):3080–3087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guo X, Ge J, Ponchel F et al. (2017) Effect of Sn substitution on the energy storage properties of high (001)-oriented PbZrO3 thin films. Thin Solid Films 632:93–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lee HJ, Won SS, Cho KH et al. (2018) Flexible high energy density capacitors using La-doped PbZrO3 anti-ferroelectric thin films. Appl Phys Lett 112(9):92901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zuo Z, Zhan Q, Chen B et al. (2016) Enhanced energy storage behaviors in free-standing antiferroelectric Pb(Zr0.95Ti0.05)O3 thin membranes. Chinese Phys B 25:0877028Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhang T, Li W, Zhao Y et al. (2018) High energy storage performance of opposite double-heterojunction ferroelectricity-insulators. Adv Funct Mater 28(10):1706211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lin Z, Chen Y, Liu Z et al. (2019) Corrigendum to “Large energy storage density, low energy loss and highly stable (Pb0.97La0.02)(Zr0.66Sn0.23Ti0.11)O3 antiferroelectric thin-film capacitors. J Eur Ceram Soc 39(5):1938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang H, Liu P, Yan F et al. (2019) A novel lead-free ceramic with layered structure for high energy storage applications. J Alloy Compd 773:244–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang D, Clark MB, Trolier-Mckinstry S (2018) Bismuth niobate thin films for dielectric energy storage applications. J Am Ceram Soc 101(8):3443–3451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tao H, Wu J (2017) Optimization of energy storage density in relaxor (K, Na, Bi)NbO3 ceramics. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 28(21):16199–16204Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chai Q, Yang D, Zhao X et al. (2018) Lead-free (K,Na)NbO3-based ceramics with high optical transparency and large energy storage ability. J Am Ceram Soc 101(6):2321–2329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li W, Meng Q, Zheng Y et al. (2010) Electric energy storage properties of poly(vinylidene fluoride). Appl Phys Lett 96:19290519Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Li J, Hu X, Gao G et al. (2013) Tuning phase transition and ferroelectric properties of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) via grafting with desired poly(methacrylic ester)s as side chains. J Mater Chem C 1(6):1111–1121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gadinski MR, Han K, Li Q et al. (2014) High energy density and breakdown strength from β and γ phases in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-bromotrifluoroethylene) copolymers. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6(21):18981–18988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Guan F, Yang L, Wang J et al. (2011) Confined ferroelectric properties in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-chlorotrifluoroethylene)-graft-polystyrene graft copolymers for electric energy storage applications. Adv Funct Mater 21(16):3176–3188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lu H, Liu L, Lin J et al. (2017) Polarization and space charge performance in PVDF with MPB composition BCZT doped composite films. J Appl Polym Sci 134(40):45362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang S, Qu P, Li C et al. (2017) Hydrothermal synthesis of dendritic BaTiO3 ceramic powders and its application in BaTiO3/P(VDF-TrFE) composites. Int J Appl Ceram Technol 14(5):969–975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pan Z, Yao L, Zhai J et al. (2017) Significantly improved dielectric properties and energy density of polymer nanocomposites via small loaded of BaTiO3 nanotubes. Compos Sci Technol 147:30–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li Y, Yang W, Ding S et al. (2018) Tuning dielectric properties and energy density of poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanocomposites by quasi core–shell structured BaTiO3@graphene oxide hybrids. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 29(2):1082–1092Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wang Y, Wang L, Yuan Q et al. (2017) Ultrahigh electric displacement and energy density in gradient layer-structured BaTiO3/PVDF nanocomposites with an interfacial barrier effect. J Mater Chem A 5(22):10849–10855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pan Z, Liu B, Zhai J et al. (2017) NaNbO3 two-dimensional platelets induced highly energy storage density in trilayered architecture composites. Nano Energy 40:587–595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Singh P, Borkar H, Singh BP et al. (2014) Ferroelectric polymer-ceramic composite thick films for energy storage applications. AIP Adv 4(8):87117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tang H, Lin Y, Sodano HA (2012) Enhanced energy storage in nanocomposite capacitors through aligned PZT nanowires by uniaxial strain assembly. Adv Energy Mater 2(4):469–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Luo WB, Yu YC, Shuai Y et al. (2016) Enhanced pyroelectric properties of lead free KNN/P(VDF-TrFE) composite film by optimizing KNN sintering temperature. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 27(3):2288–2292Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Chen C, Wang L, Liu X et al. (2019) K0.5Na0.5NbO3-SrTiO3/PVDF polymer composite film with low remnant polarization and high discharge energy storage density. Polymers 11(2):310CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Advanced Ceramics, School of Materials Science and EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinP. R. China

Personalised recommendations