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The effect of cellulose nanocrystals and pH value on the flotation process for extraction of minerals

  • Elena F. KrivoshapkinaEmail author
  • Vasily I. Mikhaylov
  • Igor A. Perovskiy
  • M. A. Torlopov
  • Yury I. Ryabkov
  • Pavel V. Krivoshapkin
Orginal Paper: Industrial and technological applications of sol-gel and hybrid materials
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Nowadays, the development of the new flotation reagents is focused on the environmental-friendly technologies and reducing the costs of industrial wastes treatment and re-cultivation as well. Biopolymer particles are anattractive object for designing effective non-toxic processes of enrichment and extraction of valuable mineral raw materials. The effect of cellulose nanocrystals particles on the electrokinetic properties of hybrid and individual dispersions of silica and titania was studied. The obtained data will allow to implement an effective flotation process of titanium-containing or titanium oxide ores on the example of leucoxene ores of the Yaregskoye deposit, Komi Republic (Russia). Calculations of the interaction of the minerals surface (titania and silica) with nanosized cellulose particles based on the theory of DLVO are presented.

Highlights

  • Cellulose nanocrystals were used as a new agent for the separation of silica and titania.

  • Electrokinetic characteristics of disperse systems (nanocellulose, titania and silica) were studied.

  • Based on the DLVO theory, the mechanism of fixation of CNC on individual oxides was calculated and confirmed.

  • The effective pH range of silica and titania separation is from 2 to 3.

Keywords

Flotation Cellulose nanocrystals Leucoxene, DLVO Electrostatic Silica Titania 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The reported study was supported by RFBR, research project No.18-33-20230. The study was performed using the equipment of the Center for Shared Use of Scientific Equipment “Khimiya” (Institute of chemistry, FRC, Komi SC UB RAS).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena F. Krivoshapkina
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Vasily I. Mikhaylov
    • 1
  • Igor A. Perovskiy
    • 3
  • M. A. Torlopov
    • 1
  • Yury I. Ryabkov
    • 1
  • Pavel V. Krivoshapkin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Chemistry of Federal Research Centre “Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences”SyktyvkarRussian Federation
  2. 2.ITMO UniversitySaint-PetersburgRussian Federation
  3. 3.Institute of Geology of Federal Research Centre “Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences”SyktyvkarRussian Federation

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