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Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 89, Issue 2, pp 586–593 | Cite as

Solution combustion synthesis of ZnO powders using various surfactants as fuel

  • H. Vahdat Vasei
  • S. M. MasoudpanahEmail author
  • M. Adeli
  • M. R. Aboutalebi
Original Paper: Sol–gel and hybrid materials for catalytic, photoelectrochemical and sensor applications
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

Single phase ZnO powders were synthesized by solution combustion method using various surfactants as fuel. The effects of hydrocarbon tail length on the combustion behavior, phase evolution, morphology, optical properties, and photocatalytic activity were studied by thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy techniques. The specific surface area and pore volume increased with the addition of citric acid as auxiliary fuel due to the increase of released gaseous products. ZnO powders obtained by mixed fuels show higher crystallinity and specific surface area, leading to the higher photodegradation of methylene blue under ultraviolet irradiation. Moreover, the photocatalytic activity increased in the presence of ZnO powders prepared by the longest hydrocarbon tail.

Highlights

  • Different surfactants used as fuel in solution combustion synthesis of ZnO powders.

  • Specific surface area increased by using the surfactants with shortest hydrocarbon tail.

  • Photocatalytic activity increased with addition of citric acid as auxiliary fuel.

Keywords

ZnO Porous materials Surfactant Photocatalytic activity 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Vahdat Vasei
    • 1
  • S. M. Masoudpanah
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Adeli
    • 1
  • M. R. Aboutalebi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Metallurgy & Materials EngineeringIran University of Science and Technology (IUST)TehranIran

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