Synthesis of highly efficient Co3O4 catalysts by heat treatment ZIF-67 for CO oxidation
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The present work reported the porous rhombic dodecahedral Co3O4 catalysts undergoing ZIF-67 calcination in air condition at different temperatures. The structural and textural properties of the obtained catalysts were fully characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption–desorption, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS). H2-temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) was used to test their redox properties. Both surface structure and morphology of Co3O4 catalysts exhibited good correlation with their catalytic activity. The results demonstrated that the catalyst calcined at 500 °C (Co3O4-500) exhibited the best performance with respect to the complete CO conversion temperature at 115 °C. This finding was reproducible and tentatively attributed to the unique structure, higher amount of surface Co2+ and adsorbed oxygen species, and good low-temperature reduction behavior. Finally, the effect of water vapor on catalytic activity was also determined, which indicated that the addition of water vapor to the feedstock had a negative effect on CO conversion over Co3O4-500.
Porous rhombic dodecahedral Co3O4 was successfully prepared by heat treatment ZIF-67.
Co3O4-500 derived from heat treatment ZIF-67 at 500 °C exhibited best activity.
Surface Co2+ and adsorbed oxygen species played important roles in CO oxidation.
Co3O4-500 catalyst possessed excellent catalytic stability for CO oxidation.
KeywordsZIF-67 Co3O4 MOFs CO oxidation
This work was sponsored financially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 41673093, 41473108, 41773128, 41573096, and 51508327).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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