Advertisement

Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 87, Issue 3, pp 608–617 | Cite as

Largely enhanced mechanical and dielectric properties of paper-based composites via in situ modification of polyimide fibers with SiO2 nanoparticles

  • Fan Xie
  • Nan Zhang
  • Zhaoqing Lu
  • Longhai Zhuo
  • Bin Yang
  • Shunxi Song
  • Panliang Qin
  • Ning Wei
Original Paper: Nano-structured materials (particles, fibers, colloids, composites, etc.)
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, SiO2 nanoparticles were in situ grown onto the surfaces of polyimide fibers via sol–gel synthesis and the corresponding paper-based composites were fabricated by wet-forming process using the as-obtained fibers as the starting materials. A simultaneous enhancement of the tensile and tearing index as well as the interlayer bonding strength of paper-based composites could be achieved with an increment of 17.7%, 17.2% and 50%, respectively. What is more, the dielectric strength of the resultant composites increased by 127% compared with the pristine paper-based composites. The results indicated that the SiO2 nanoparticles could be used as an excellent interfacial linker between the fibers and polymer matrix, and a smart cushion to release interior and exterior applied forces. Besides, satisfactory results on thermal stability of paper-based composites were attained after coated with SiO2 nanoparticles.

In this graphical abstract, carboxylated PI@SiO2 fibers were successfully fabricated via a facile approach that SiO2 nanoparticles were in-situ grown onto the surfaces of carboxylated PI fibers via sol-gel synthesis. Moreover, the modified paper-based composites consisting of carboxylated PI@SiO2 fibers possess more excellent dielectric strength compared with the pristine paper.

Highlights

  • A dense and uniform SiO2 nanoparticles layer can be in situ synthesized onto the PI fibers via sol–gel synthesis after activating the surface of PI fibers.

  • SiO2 nanoparticles could be used as an excellent interfacial linker between the fibers, and the interlayer bonding strength and dielectric strength of modified PI paper-based composites was significantly enhanced with an increment of 50 and 127%, respectively.

Keywords

Polyimide fiber Mechanical properties Dielectric strength Sol–gel synthesis SiO2 nanoparticles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely appreciated the financial support from State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering (201733), Natural Science Research Start-up Fund of Shaanxi University of Science and Technology (2016GBJ-18), Shaanxi Overall Planning Innovative Engineering Project of Science and Technology (2016KTCQ01-87), Key Scientific Research Group of Shaanxi Province (2017KCT-02) and National Key Research and Development Plan (2017YFB0308300).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Khazaka R, Locatelli ML, Diaham S, Bidan P (2013) Endurance of thin insulation polyimide films for high-temperature power module applications. IEEE Trans Compon Packag Manuf Technol 3:811–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yang Y, He J, Wu G, Hu J (2015) “Thermal Stabilization Effect” of Al2O3 nano-dopants improves the high-temperature dielectric performance of polyimide. Sci Rep 5:16986–16995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yin F, Tang C, Li X (2017) Effect of moisture on mechanical properties and thermal stability of meta-aramid fiber used in insulating paper. Polymers 9:537–550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang B, Zhang MY, Lu ZQ (2018) From poly (p-phenylene terephthalamide) broken paper: high-performance aramid nanofibers and their application in electrical insulating nanomaterials with enhanced properties. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 6:8954–8963CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cao L, Sun Q, Wang H, Zhang X, Shi H (2015) Enhanced stress transfer and thermal properties of polyimide composites with covalent functionalized reduced graphene oxide. Compos Part A 68:140–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Naito K (2014) Tensile properties of polyimide composites incorporating carbon nanotubes-grafted and polyimide-coated carbon fibers. J Mater Eng Perform 23:3245–3256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xu W, Ding Y, Jiang S, Chen L, Liao X, Hou H (2014) Polyimide/BaTiO3/MWCNTs three-phase nanocomposites fabricated by electrospinning with enhanced dielectric properties. Mater Lett 135:158–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jiang C, Han E, Wang X (2017) Effect of discontinuous long polyimide fiber on mechanical properties, fracture morphology, and crystallization behaviors of polyamide-6 matrix composites. J Thermoplast Compos Mater 31:1826–1839Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    García JM, García FC, Serna F (2010) High-performance aromatic polyamides. Prog Polym Sci 35:623–686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liu C, Zheng Y, Yang P (2016) The DC surface flashover performance research of polyimide under low-energy electron irradiation environment. IEEE Trans Plasma Sci 44:85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li J, Zhang G, Li J (2017) Preparation and properties of polyimide/chopped carbon fiber composite foams. Polym Adv Technol 28:3851–3857Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Huang J, Zhou Y, Dong L (2017) Enhancement of mechanical and electrical performances of insulating presspaper by introduction of nanocellulose. Compos Sci Technol 138:40–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Borch J (2001) Handbook of physical testing of paper. J Pharm Sci 101:4067–4074Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Moosburger-Will J, Jã¤Ger J, Strauch J, Bauer M, Strobl S, Linscheid FF, Horn S (2017) Interphase formation and fiber matrix adhesion in carbon fiber reinforced epoxy resin: influence of carbon fiber surface chemistry. Compos Interfaces 24:691–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhang Y, Zhang L, He J, Chen C, Cheng L, Yin X, Liu Y (2017) Strengthening and toughening of 2D C/SiC z-pinned joint via fiber bridging mechanism. Ceram Int 44:1156–1162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chen L, Long Z, Zhang Y, Wang S, Li Z, Guo S, Wang B (2017) Modification of dry-spun Suplon polyimide fibers by mixed‐acid oxidation and their effects on the properties of polypropylene-resin-based composites. J Appl Polym Sci 134:44932–44940Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mu S, Wu Z, Qi S, Wu D, Yang W (2010) Preparation of electrically conductive polyimide/silver composite fibers via in-situ surface treatment. Mater Lett 64:1668–1671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sa R, Yan Y, Wei Z, Zhang L, Wang W, Tian M (2014) Surface modification of aramid fibers by bio-inspired poly(dopamine) and epoxy functionalized silane grafting. Acs Appl Mater Interfaces 6:21730–21738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sun SP, Wei M, Olson JR, Shaw MT (2009) Alkali etching of a poly(lactide) fiber. Acs Appl Mater Interfaces 1:1572–1578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sun X, Bu J, Liu W, Niu H, Qi S, Tian G, Wu D (2015) Surface modification of polyimide fibers by oxygen plasma treatment and interfacial adhesion behavior of a polyimide fiber/epoxy composite. Sci Eng Com Mater 24:477–484Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang YF, Sun J, Dai LX (2017) The properties of polyimide fibers modified by functionalized muti-wall carbon nanotubes based on friedel-crafts acylation. Key Eng Mater 727:490–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wen Y, Meng X, Liu J, Yan J, Wang Z (2016) Surface modification of high-performance polyimide fibers by oxygen plasma treatment. High Perform Polym 29:1083–1089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wang W (2017) Plasma treatment of carbon fiber on the tribological property of polyimide composite. Surf Interface Anal 49:692–686Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ying L, Liu Y, Dan H, Di Y (2017) The effect of coupling agents on the interfacial properties of wood-fiber-reinforced polyimide composites. Surf Interface Anal 49:1232–1237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yu J, Zhang T, Xu L, Huang P (2017) Synthesis and characterization of aramid fiber-reinforced polyimide/carbon black composites and their use in a supercapacitor. Chin J Chem 35:1586–1594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang YH, Huang YD, Liu L, Cai KL (2008) Effects of γ-ray radiation grafting on aramid fibers and its composites. Appl Surf Sci 254:3153–3161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Chen L, Long Z, Zhang Y, Wang S, Li Z (2017) Influence of alkali treatment on morphology, structure and properties of dry-spinning two-step method jialun polyimide fibers. Polym Mater Sci Eng 33:94–99Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Xie J, Xin D, Cao H, Wang C, Zhao Y, Yao L, Ji F, Qiu Y (2011) Improving carbon fiber adhesion to polyimide with atmospheric pressure plasma treatment. Surf Coat Technol 206:191–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Tian G, Chen B, Qi S (2016) Enhanced surface free energy of polyimide fibers by alkali treatment and its interfacial adhesion behavior to epoxy resins. Compos Interfaces 23:145–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Liao R, Lv C, Yang L, Zhang Y, Wu W, Tang C (2013) The insulation properties of oil-impregnated insulation paper reinforced with nano-TiO2. J Nanomater 2013:1–7Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cai C, Zhu J (2018) The investigation of the friction and wear properties of surface-treated carbon fiber/SiO2 reinforced PMMA composites. Surf Interface Anal 50:133–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Chen J, Zhu Y, Ni Q (2014) Surface modification and characterization of aramid fibers with hybrid coating. Appl Surf Sci 321:103–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Liao R, Zhang F, Yuan Y (2012) Preparation and electrical properties of insulation paper composed of SiO2 hollow spheres. Energies 5:2943–2951CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tadic M, Kralj S, Jagodic M (2014) Magnetic properties of novel superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoclusters and their peculiarity under annealing treatment. Appl Surf Sci 322:255–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tadic M, Milosevic I, Kralj S (2017) Synthesis of metastable hard-magnetic ε-Fe2O3 nanoparticles from silica-coated akaganeite nanorods. Nanoscale 9:10579–10584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kopanja L, Kralj S, Zunic D (2016) Core-shell superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION) clusters: TEM micrograph analysis, particle design and shape analysis. Ceram Int 42:10976–10984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    LenyMathew NS (2008) Cure characteristics and mechanical properties of HRH bonded nylon-6 short fiber-aanosilica-acrylonitrile butadiene rubber hybrid composite. J Macromol Sci, Rev Polym Process 48:75–81Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Mansour G, Tsongas K, Tzetzis D (2016) Modal testing of epoxy carbon-aramid fiber hybrid composites reinforced with silica nanoparticles. J Reinf Plast Compos 35:1401–1410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Mathew L, Narayanankutty SK (2010) Dynamic mechanical behaviour of an elastomeric hybrid composite based on nanosilica and short nylon-6 fibre. Prog Rubber Plast Recycl Technol 26:125–140Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Raabe J, Fonseca ADS, Bufalino L, Ribeiro C, Martins MA, Marconcini JM, Tonoli GHD (2014) Evaluation of reaction factors for deposition of silica (SiO2) nanoparticles on cellulose fibers. Carbohydr Polym 114:424–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Hao L, Gao T, Xu W, Wang X, Yang S, Liu X (2016) Preparation of crosslinked polysiloxane/SiO2 nanocomposite via in-situ condensation and its surface modification on cotton fabrics. Appl Surf Sci 371:281–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Hong Z, Wei D, Yong F, Hao C, Yang Y, Yu J, Jin L (2016) Dielectric properties of polyimide/SiO2 hollow spheres composite films with ultralow dielectric constant. Mater Sci Eng, B 203:13–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Liu L, Lv F, Li P, Ding L, Tong W, Chu PK, Zhang Y (2016) Preparation of ultra-low dielectric constant silica/polyimide nanofiber membranes by electrospinning. Compos Part A 84:292–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Tapaswi PK, Choi MC, Jung YS, Cho HJ, Seo DJ, Ha CS (2014) Synthesis and characterization of fully aliphatic polyimides from an aliphatic dianhydride with piperazine spacer for enhanced solubility, transparency, and low dielectric constant. J Polym Sci, Part A: Polym Chem 52:2316–2328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Zhang YH, Lu SG, Li YQ, Dang ZM, Xin JH, Fu SY, Li GT, Guo RR, Li LF (2005) Novel silica tube/polyimide composite films with variable low dielectric constant. Adv Mater 17:1056–1059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Lin L, Zhang L, Zhang C, Dong M, Liu C, Wang A, Chu Y, Zhang Y, Cao Z (2013) Membrane adsorber with metal organic frameworks for sulphur removal. RSC Adv 3:9889–9896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Lu T, Jiang M, Jiang Z, Hui D, Wang Z, Zhou Z (2013) Effect of surface modification of bamboo cellulose fibers on mechanical properties of cellulose/epoxy composites. Compos Part B 51:28–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Li X, Tang C, Wang Q, Li X, Hao J (2017) Molecular simulation research on the micro effect mechanism of interfacial properties of nano-SiO2/meta-aramid fiber. Int J Heat Technol 35:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Tang G, Hu X, Tang T (2017) Mechanical properties of surface-treated UHMWPE fiber and SiO2 filled PMMA composites. Surf Interface Anal 49:898–903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Patterson BA, Sodano HA (2016) Enhanced interfacial strength and UV shielding of aramid fiber composites through ZnO nanoparticle sizing. ACS Appl Mater Inter 49:33963–33971CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Tang C, Li X, Yin F (2017) The performance improvement of aramid insulation paper by nano-SiO2 modification. IEEE Trans Dielect Electr Insul 24:2400–2409CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials Engineering, Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Papermaking Technology and Specialty Paper Development, Key Laboratory of Paper Based Functional Materials of China National Light Industry, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Light Chemistry Engineering EducationShaanxi University of Science & TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Shaanxi Collaborative Innovation Center of Industrial Auxiliary Chemistry and TechnologyShaanxi University of Science & TechnologyXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations