Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 86, Issue 3, pp 782–794 | Cite as

Study of visible light emission under UV excitation in Y2O3:Er3+-Gd3+ and Y2O3:Eu3+-Gd3+ nanocrystals

  • S. Vargas Rodríguez
  • E. G. Villabona-Leal
  • J. C. Mixteco-Sánchez
  • V. H. Romero
  • H. Desirena
  • Elias Perez
  • U. Salazar-Kuri
  • O. Meza
Original Paper: Sol–gel and hybrid materials for optical, photonic and optoelectronic applications


In this work, we study the Y2O3:Er3+-Gd3+ and Y2O3:Eu3+-Gd3+ nanocrystals using statistical tools in order to quantify the effect of dopant concentration, crystallite size, induced strain, and lattice parameters on luminescent parameters such as intensity and color emission. Samples were synthesized using the sol–gel method. In the case of emission properties of Y2O3:Er3+-Gd3+, the most important factor is Erbium concentration, while the energy transfer between Gadolinium-Erbium is statistically insignificant, compared to the dynamics between Erbium–Erbium ions. On the other hand, the Y2O3:Eu3+-Gd3+ emission intensity depends on the dopant concentration: an increase of Gadolinium ions increases the emission intensity, and the quadratic effect of the Eu3+ ions reduce the emission intensity. However, the color coordinate is not so influenced by the dopant concentration; in the case of Y2O3:Er3+-Gd3+ samples, the color coordinate depends only on Er3+ concentration.

Stokes luminescence process of Gd3+, Eu3+, Er3+ ions, and charge‐transfer bands responsible for the visible emission.


ANOVA Emission Europium Gadolinium Erbium 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10971_2018_4661_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (518 kb)
Supplementary information


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Vargas Rodríguez
    • 1
  • E. G. Villabona-Leal
    • 2
  • J. C. Mixteco-Sánchez
    • 1
  • V. H. Romero
    • 3
  • H. Desirena
    • 4
  • Elias Perez
    • 2
  • U. Salazar-Kuri
    • 5
  • O. Meza
    • 5
  1. 1.Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de los Valles, Carretera Guadalajara-AmecaAmecaMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de FísicaUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíMexico
  3. 3.Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de TonaláTonaláMexico
  4. 4.Grupo de Espectroscopia de Materiales Avanzados y Nanoestructurados (GEMANA)Centro de Investigaciones en ÓpticaLeonMexico
  5. 5.Instituto de Física, Ing. Luis Rivera TerrazasBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de PueblaPueblaMexico

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