Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 82, Issue 2, pp 352–362 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of La0.595V0.005Sr0.4CoO3−δ as a novel cathode material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)

Original Paper: Devices based on sol-gel or hybrid materials


The effect of vanadium doping on the crystal structure and on the electrical, electrochemical properties of La0.6−xVxSr0.4CoO3−δ (x = 0.005–0.05) perovskite oxides performing as cathode materials in solid oxide fuel cells is investigated in this study. Crystal structure, surface morphology, and porosity of prepared cathode materials are characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption fine structure, and scanning electron microscopy. For the first time, it has been proven by X-ray absorption fine structure that La3+ cation is replaced with V4+/5+ cation in perovskite structure. Since V4+/5+ cation has the radius almost half of the radius of La3+ cation, this replacement adds better properties to the perovskite structure such as ionic conductivity and catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction. The electrical conductivity at the intermediate temperatures (400–700 °C) appears to be enough to yield a better performance in intermediate temperature-solid oxide fuel cells applications. The sample with 0.05% V4+/5+ doping exhibits its maximum electronic conductivity (σ = 843−1 at 400 °C) and minimum activation energy (Ea = 0.049 eV). The La0.595V0.005Sr0.4CoO3 material as electrode for symmetric cell configuration was prepared on both surfaces of yttria-stabilized zirconia substrates. Oxygen concentration related polarization experiment suggests that the oxygen adsorption–desorption process or reactions controlled by the atomic oxygen diffusion process followed by a charge transfer are the cathode reaction rate-limiting steps.

Graphical Abstract

V4+/5+ ion doped LVxSC (La0.6-xVxSr0.4CoO3−δ x = 0.005-0.05) cathode materials for intermediate temperature-solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFC) are synthesized for the first time by sol-gel method. LV05SC cathode with good electro-catalytic activity for ORR can be considered as a potential cathode material for IT-SOFC applications.Open image in new window


IT-SOFC EIS Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) Perovskite 

Supplementary material

10971_2017_4334_MOESM1_ESM.docx (198 kb)
Supplementary Information


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryBogazici UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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