Advertisement

Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 81, Issue 3, pp 831–843 | Cite as

Impact of metal ions (Cr3+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+) substitution on the structural, magnetic and catalytic properties of substituted Co–Mn ferrites synthesized by sol–gel route

  • Manisha Dhiman
  • Santosh Bhukal
  • Bhupendra Chudasama
  • Sonal Singhal
Original Paper: Sol-gel and hybrid materials for energy, environment and building applications

Abstract

Manganese substituted cobalt ferrites (CoMn x Fe2−x O4, x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0) synthesized using sol gel autocombustion method were used as photocatalysts for the degradation of both cationic and anionic dyes i.e Safranine-O and Remazol Brilliant yellow. CoMn0.4Fe1.6O4 exhibited maximum photocatalytic activity among all the synthesized ferrites. To further study the effect of metal ion doping on catalytic performance, substitution with different metal ions (Cr3+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+) was done in CoMn0.4Fe1.6O4 lattice. The structural and magnetic properties of prepared samples were investigated using powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer. The average crystallite size of the synthesized nanoparticles was observed to be in the range of 39–52 nm. The saturation magnetization of the samples was found to decrease with the introduction of all metal cations (except Co2+) in the Co–Mn lattice. The changes in the catalytic activity were tested for degradation of Safranine-O and Remazol Brilliant yellow. Amongst the synthesized CoMn0.4M x Fe1.6−x O4, Cu substituted Co–Mn ferrite exhibited maximum photocatalytic efficiency. All the magnetic nanoferrites were easily recovered by using an external magnet and could be reused without any remarkable change in catalytic efficiency.

Graphical Abstract

Open image in new window

Keywords

Magnetic nanoferrites Sol–gel method Magnetic properties Heterogeneous catalysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are highly grateful to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) (Grant no. (01(02833)/15/EMR-II)), DST Purse Grant-II and University Grants Commission (UGC) for providing the necessary financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

10971_2016_4232_MOESM1_ESM.doc (896 kb)
Supplementary Information

References

  1. 1.
    Azar ARJ, Mohebbi S (2015) Novel magnetic nanomaterials: Synthesis, characterization and study of their catalytic application. Mater Chem Phys 168:85–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Badruddoza AZM, Shawon ZBZ, Rahman MT, Hao KW, Hidajat K, Uddin MS (2013) Ionically modified magnetic nanomaterials for arsenic and chromium removal from water. Chem Eng J 225:607–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oh JK, Park JM (2011) Iron oxide-based superparamagnetic polymeric nanomaterials: design, preparation, and biomedical application. Prog Polym Sci 36:168–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kumar CSSR, Mohammad F (2011) Magnetic nanomaterials for hyperthermia-based therapy and controlled drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev 63:789–808CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nazir S, Hussain T, Ayub A, Rashid U, MacRobert AJ (2014) Nanomaterials in combating cancer: therapeutic applications and developments. Nanomed Nanotechnol 10:19–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stergiou CA, Litsardakis G (2016) Y-type hexagonal ferrites for microwave absorber and antenna applications. J Magn Magn Mater 405:54–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rehman MA, Yusoff I, Alias Y (2015) Fluoride adsorption by doped and un-doped magnetic ferrites CuCexFe2-xO4: preparation, characterization, optimization and modeling for effectual remediation technologies. J Hazard Mater 299:316–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Aravind G, Raghasudha M, Ravinder D (2015) Electrical transport properties of nano crystalline LieNi ferrites. J Materiomics 1:348–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mukhtar MW, Irfan M, Ahmad I, Ali I, Akhtar MN, Khan MA, Abbas G, Rana MU, Ali A, Ahmad M (2015) Synthesis and properties of Pr-substituted MgZn ferrites for core materials and high frequency applications. J Magn Magn Mater 381:173–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Evdou A, Zaspalis V, Nalbandian L (2016) Ferrites as redox catalysts for chemical looping processes. Fuel 165:367–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wu X, Yan S, Liu W, Feng Z, Chen Y, Harris VG (2016) Influence of particle size on the magnetic spectrum of NiCuZn ferrites for electromagnetic shielding applications. J Magn Magn Mater 401:1093–1096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cai X, Wang J, Li B, Wu A, Xu B, Wang B, Gao H, Yu L, Li Z (2016) Microwave absorption properties of LiZn ferrites hollow microspheres doped with La and Mg by self-reactive quenching technology. J Alloys Compd 657:608–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ali MB, Maalam KE, Moussaoui HE, Mounkachi O, Hamedoun M, Masrour R, Hlil EK, Benyoussef A (2016) Effect of zinc concentration on the structural and magnetic properties of mixed Co–Zn ferrites nanoparticles synthesized by sol/gel method. J Magn Magn Mater 398:20–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Akhtar MN, Sulong AB, Ahmad M, Khan MA, Ali A, Islam MU (2016) Impacts of Gd-Ce on the structural, morphological and magnetic properties of garnet nanocrystalline ferrites synthesized via sol-gel route. J Alloys Compd 660:486–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kalendová A, Rysánek P, Nechvílová K (2015) Investigation of the anticorrosion efficiency of ferrites Mg1−xZnxFe2O4 with different particle morphology and chemical composition inepoxy-ester resin-based coatings. Prog Org Coat 86:147–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Anwar H, Maqsood A (2014) Comparison of structural and electrical properties of Co2+ doped Mn–Zn soft nano ferrites prepared via coprecipitation and hydrothermal methods. Mater Res Bull 49:426–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cortes MS, Martínez-Luevanos A, García-Cerda LA, Rodríguez-Fernandez OS, Fuentes AF, Romero-García J, Montemayor SM (2015) Nanostructured pure and substituted cobalt ferrites: fabrication by electrospinning and study of their magnetic properties. J Alloys Compd 653:290–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tsay CY, Lin YH, Jen SU (2015) Magnetic, magnetostrictive, and AC impedance properties of manganese substituted cobalt ferrites. Ceram Int 41:5531–5536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Goyal A, Bansal S, Kumar V, Singh J, Singhal S (2015) Mn substituted cobalt ferrites (CoMnxFe2−xO4(x=0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0)): as magnetically separable heterogeneous nanocatalyst for the reduction of nitrophenols. Appl Surf Sci 324:877–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Velinov N, Koleva K, Tsoncheva T, Manova E, Paneva D, Tenchev K, Kunev B, Mitov I (2013) Nanosized Cu0.5Co0.5Fe2O4 ferrite as catalyst for methanol decomposition: effect of preparation procedure. Catal Commun 32:41–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Singh C, Jauhar S, Kumar V, Singh J, Singhal S (2015) Synthesis of zinc substituted cobalt ferrites via reverse micelle technique involving in situ template formation: a study on their structural, magnetic, optical and catalytic properties. Mater Chem Phys 156:188–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jauhar S, Singhal S (2014) Substituted cobalt nano-ferrites, CoMxFe2-xO4 (M = Cr3+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+; 0.2 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) as heterogeneous catalysts for modified Fenton’s reaction. Ceram Int 40:11845–11855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bhukal S, Bansal S, Singhal S (2014) Magnetic Mn substituted cobalt zinc ferrite systems: structural, electrical and magnetic properties and their role in photo-catalytic degradation of methyl orange azo dye. Phys B 445:48–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Menini L, Pereira MC, Parreira LA, Fabris JD, Gusevskaya EV (2008) Cobalt and manganese-substituted ferrites as efficient single-site heterogeneous catalysts for aerobic oxidation of monoterpenic alkenes under solvent-free conditions. J Catal 254:355–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Jauhar S, Singhal S, Dhiman M (2014) Manganese substituted cobalt ferrites as efficient catalysts for H2O2 assisted degradation of cationic and anionic dyes: their synthesis and characterization. Appl Catal A 486:210–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bouhadouza N, Rais A, Kaoua S, Moreau M, Taibi K, Addou A (2015) A structural and vibrational studies of NiAlxFe2-xO4 ferrites (0 ≤ x ≥ 1). Ceram Int 41:11687–11692CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Rais A, Taibi K, Addou A, Zanoun A, Al-Douri Y (2014) Copper substitution effect on the structural properties of nickel ferrites. Ceram Int 40:14413–14419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Horsfall Jr. M, Abia AA, Spiff AI (2006) Kinetic studies on the adsorption of Cd2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions from aqueous solutions by cassava (Manihot sculenta Cranz) tuber bark waste. Bioresour Technol 97:283–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wakamura M, Kandori K, Ishikawa T (1998) Surface composition of calcium hydroxyapatite modified with metal ions. Colloid Surf A 142:107–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Culity BD (1976) Elements of x-ray diffraction, chapter 14. Addison-Wesly Publishing Co. Inc., Reading, MAGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Saidani M, Belkacem W, Bezergheanu A, Cizmas CB, Mliki N (2015) Surface and interparticle interactions effects on nano-cobalt ferrites. J Alloys Compd 653:513–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ajroudi L, Villain S, Madigou V, Mliki N, Leroux C (2010) Synthesis and microstructure of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles. J Cryst Growth 312:2465–2471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mohapatra S, Rout SR, Maiti S, Maiti TK, Panda AB (2011) Monodisperse mesoporous cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: synthesis and application in targeted delivery of antitumor drugs. J Mater Chem 21:9185–9193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Goyal A, Bansal S, Samuel P, Kumar V, Singhal S (2014) CoMn0.2Fe1.8O4 ferrite nanoparticles engineered by sol–gel technology: An expert and versatile catalyst for the reduction of nitroaromatic compounds. J Mater Chem A 2:18848–18860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Khot VM, Salunkhe AB, Phadatare MR, Thorat ND, Pawar SH (2013) Low-temperature synthesis of MgxMn1–xFe2O4 (x = 0–1) nanoparticles: Cation distribution, structural and magnetic properties. J Phys D Appl Phys 46:055303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sun K, Wu G, Wang B, Zhong Q, Yang Y, Yu Z, Wu C, Wei P, Jiang X, Lan Z (2015) Cation distribution and magnetic property of Ti/Sn-substituted manganeseezinc ferrites. J Alloys Compd 650:363–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ramesh M, Rao GSN, Samatha K, Rao BP (2015) Cation distribution of Ni–Cu substituted Li-ferrites. Ceram Int 41:1765–1770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Gabal MA, Bayoumy WA, Saeed A, Angari YMA (2015) Structural and electromagnetic characterization of Cr-substituted Ni–Zn ferrites synthesized via Egg-white route. J Mol Struct 1097:45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Ghodake JS, Kambale RC, Shinde TJ, Maskar PK, Suryavanshi SS (2016) Magnetic and microwave absorbing properties of Co2+ substituted nickel–zinc ferrites with the emphasis on initial permeability studies. J Magn Magn Mater 401:938–942CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Kambale RC, Shaikh PA, Kamble SS, Kolekar YD (2009) Effect of cobalt substitution on structural, magnetic and electric properties of nickel ferrite. J Alloy Compd 478:599–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Peng T, Zhang X, Lv H, Zan L (2012) Preparation of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles and its visible-light-driven photoactivity for hydrogen production. Catal Commun 28:116–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Li X, Hou Y, Zhao Q, Wang L (2011) A general, one-step and template-free synthesis of sphere-like zinc ferrite nanostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activity for dye degradation. J Colloid Interface Sci 358:102–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Singh A, Singh A, Singh S, Tandon P, Yadav BC, Yadav RR (2015) Synthesis, characterization and performance of zinc ferrite nanorods for room temperature sensing applications. J Alloy Compds 618:475–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Habibi MH, Parhizkar J (2015) Cobalt ferrite nano-composite coated on glass by Doctor Blade method for photo-catalytic degradation of an azo textile dye Reactive Red 4: XRD, FESEM and DRS investigations. Spectrochimic Acta Part A 150:879–885CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Dileep K, Loukya B, Pachauri N, Gupta A, Datta R (2014) Probing optical band gaps at the nanoscale in NiFe2O4 and CoFe2O4 epitaxial films by high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy. J Appl Phys 116:103505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Amrousse R, Katsumi (2012) Substituted ferrite MxFe1−xFe2O4 (M=Mn, Zn) catalysts for N2O catalytic decomposition processes. Catal Commun 26:194–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Fan G, Gu Z, Yang L, Li F (2009) Nanocrystalline zinc ferrite photocatalysts formed using the colloid mill and hydrothermal technique. Chem Eng J (Amsterdam, Neth) 155:534–541Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ji K, Dai H, Deng J, Zhang L, Jiang H, Xie S, Han W (2013) One-pot hydrothermal preparation and catalytic performance of porous strontium ferrite hollow spheres for the combustion of toluene. J Mol Catal A Chem 370:189–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Deraz NM (2010) Size and crystallinity-dependent magnetic properties of copper ferrite nano-particles. J Alloy Compds 501:317–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Sharma R, Kumar V, Bansal S, Singhal S (2015) Assortment of magnetic nanospinels for activation of distinct inorganic oxidants in photo-Fenton’s process. J Mol Catal A Chem 402:53–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Bhukal S, Dhiman M, Bansal S, Tripathi MK, Singhal S (2016) Substituted Co–Cu–Zn nanoferrites: Synthesis, fundamental and redox catalytic properties for the degradation of methyl orange. RSC Adv 6:1360–1375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Jauhar S, Singhal S (2014) Chromium and copper substituted lanthanum nano-ferrites: their synthesis, characterization and application studies. J Mol Struct 1075:534–541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Xie T, Xu L, Liu C, Wang Y (2013) Magnetic composite ZnFe2O4/SrFe12O19: preparation, characterization, and photocatalytic activity under visible light. Appl Surf Sci 273:684–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Soltani T, Entezari MH (2013) Solar photocatalytic degradation of RB5 by ferrite bismuth nanoparticles synthesized via ultrasound. Ultrason Sonochem 20:1245–1253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Sharma R, Bansal S, Singhal S (2015) Tailoring the photo-Fenton activity of spinel ferrites (MFe2O4) by incorporating different cations (M = Cu, Zn, Ni and Co) in the structure. RSC Adv 5:6006–6018CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manisha Dhiman
    • 1
  • Santosh Bhukal
    • 2
  • Bhupendra Chudasama
    • 3
  • Sonal Singhal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environment StudiesPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia
  3. 3.School of Physics & Materials ScienceThapar UniversityPatialaIndia

Personalised recommendations