Disordered carbon nanofibers/LiCoPO4 composites as cathode materials for lithium ion batteries
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LiCoPO4-coated disordered carbon nanofibers (CNFs/LiCoPO4) were obtained by a sol–gel method, using triethyl phosphite or triethyl phosphate as the phosphorous source. The crystal structure of the products was analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction, while morphology was studied using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Optimal synthesis conditions for the CNFs/LiCoPO4 in light of the best electrochemical performance are discussed. The best discharge capacity 105 mAh/g (or ca. 63% of the theoretical capacity) shows the material with 40% CNFs/LiCoPO4 and addition coating by carbon black. This composition has a best purity of active materials and point coverage of CNFs. The X-ray photoelectron C1s spectra of the CNFs surface without and with sputter erosion show enhancement of C–O bonds at the fiber surface, which does not influence significantly electrochemical behavior of the composite materials.
KeywordsPhosphoolivines Disordered CNFs/LiCoPO4 composite Triethyl phosphite- and triethyl phosphate-based sol–gel method Li extraction/insertion mechanism
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