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Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 56–61 | Cite as

Synthesis of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 nanoparticles by modified Pechini method and their enhanced rate capability

  • Xian-Ming Liu
  • Wen-Liang Gao
  • Bao-Ming Ji
Original paper

Abstract

Layered LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 nanoparticles were prepared by modified Pechini method and used as cathode materials for Li-ion batteries. The pyrolytic behaviors of the foamed precursors were analyzed by use of simultaneous thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA). Structure, morphology and electrochemical performance characterization of the samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron macroscopy(SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area and charge–discharge tests. The results showed that the samples prepared by modified Pechini method caclined at 900 °C for 10 h were indexed to pure LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 with well hexagonal structure. The particle size was in a range of 100–300 nm. The specific surface area was larger than that of the as-obtained sample by Pechini method. Initial discharge capacity of 163.8 mAh/g in the range 2.8–4.4 V (vs. Li/Li+) and at 0.1C for LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 prepared by modified Pechini method was obtained, higher than that of the sample prepared by Pechini method (143.5 mAh/g). Moreover, the comparison of electrochemical results at different current rates indicated that the sample prepared by modified Pechini method exhibited improved rate capability.

Keywords

Li-ion battery Layered structure Pechini method Rate capability 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Key Scientific and Technological Project of Henan Province of China (No. 092102310113).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringLuoyang Normal UniversityLuoyangChina
  2. 2.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

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