Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 117–127 | Cite as

Patterning of sol gel thin films by capillary force assisted soft lithographic technique

  • Devika Sil
  • Rimlee Deb Roy
  • Sunirmal JanaEmail author
  • Rabibrata Mukherjee
  • Shyamal Kumar Bhadra
  • Prasanta Kumar BiswasEmail author
Original Paper


Patterning of sol gel based silica and silica–titania films has been developed at room temperature by soft lithographic technique. Corresponding metal alkoxides have been utilized for the preparation of precursor sols. Elastomeric stamps of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) are used to emboss patterns of a master grating on the as-prepared silica and silica–titania films obtained by sol gel process. Pressure-less capillary force lithography has been used to fabricate both 1-D and 2-D ordered structures of simple stripe patterns. A modified solvent assisted lithography and micro-molding in capillaries yielded stable and high fidelity 1-D structures for silica and silica–titania films over a large area.


Capillary force lithography Sol–gel processing Patterning of thin films PDMS AFM 



The authors would like to thank the Director, CGCRI, Kolkata for support and encouragement for the work. This work has been carried out under the sponsorship of DST, Govt. of India (Sanction No.: DST/TSG/PT/2006/74). Two authors (DS and RDR) thankfully acknowledge DST for providing their research fellowships.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Devika Sil
    • 1
    • 4
  • Rimlee Deb Roy
    • 2
  • Sunirmal Jana
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rabibrata Mukherjee
    • 3
    • 5
  • Shyamal Kumar Bhadra
    • 2
  • Prasanta Kumar Biswas
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Sol–Gel DivisionCentral Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteJadavpurIndia
  2. 2.Fibre Optics and Photonics DivisionCentral Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteJadavpurIndia
  3. 3.Analytical Facility DivisionCentral Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteJadavpurIndia
  4. 4.Temple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)KharagpurIndia

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