Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 121–125 | Cite as

Rapid synthesis of the low thermal expansion phase of Al2Mo3O12 via a sol–gel method using polyvinyl alcohol

  • Monica Ari
  • Kimberly J. Miller
  • Bojan A. Marinkovic
  • Paula M. Jardim
  • Roberto de Avillez
  • Fernando Rizzo
  • Mary Anne White
Original Paper


Aluminum molybdate was successfully synthesized using a simplified PVA assisted sol–gel method resulting in highly crystalline, monophasic (monoclinic P21/a) samples. These materials could readily be obtained at temperatures of 600 and 700 °C after calcining for as little as 15–20 min. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray powder diffraction indicated that even the sample calcined at 600 °C for 20 min was free of impurities and composed of submicron sized particles (~300 nm). Transmission electron microscopy was used to confirm the monophasic character and submicron dimensions of the as-prepared powders. In addition to producing high quality samples, it was also observed that the metal to PVA ratio used during this simplified synthesis, could be used as a control parameter for tailoring the particle sizes of the final product.


Sol–gel PVA Synthesis A2M3O12 Al2Mo3O12 Thermal expansion 



M.S. is grateful to FAPERJ for post-doctoral fellowship. B.A.M. acknowledges support from the National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq) for Research Productivity Grant. B.A.M, P.M.J. and F.R. are grateful to National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq) for the Project CIAM number 490925/2008-1. M.A.W. acknowledges support from NSERC of Canada, along with the Canada Foundation for Innovation, Atlantic Innovation Fund and other partners that fund the Facilities for Materials Characterization managed by the Institute for Research in Materials at Dalhousie University. We acknowledge A. Cerqueira, G. Heverly-Coulson, and A. Bourque for useful discussions and comments.


  1. 1.
    Evans JSO, Mary TA, Sleight AW (1997) J Solid State Chem 133:580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Evans JSO, Mary TA, Sleight AW (1998) J Solid State Chem 137:148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Evans JSO, Mary TA (2000) Int J Inorg Mater 2:143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sumithra S, Waghmare UV, Umarji AM (2007) Phys Rev B 76:024307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liang E, Huo H, Wang J, Chao M (2008) J Phys Chem C 112:6577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gindhart AM, Lind C, Green M (2008) J Mater Res 23:210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wu MM, Hu ZB, Liu YT, Chen DF (2009) Mater Res Bull 44:1943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marinkovic BA, Ari M, de Avillez RR, Rizzo F, Ferreira FF, Miller KJ, Johnson MB, White MA (2009) Chem Mater 21:2886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tran KD, Groshens TG, Nelson JG (2001) Mater Sci Eng A303:234Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yanase I, Miyagi M, Kobayashi H (2009) J Eur Ceram Soc 29:3129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liang EJ, Huo HL, Wang Z, Chao MJ, Wang JP (2009) Solid State Sci 11:139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gates SD, Colin JA, Lind C (2006) J Mater Chem 16:4214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gates SD, Lind C (2007) J Solid State Chem 180:3510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xu GF, Liu QQ, Yang J, Sun XJ, Cheng XN (2009) Ceram Int 35:3131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Baiz TI, Gindhart AM, Kraemer SK, Lind C (2008) J Sol–Gel Sci Technol 47:128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Saha SK, Pathak A, Pramanik P (1995) J Mater Sci Lett 14:35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pramanik P (1996) Bull Mater Sci 19:957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lu CH, Saha SK (2001) J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 20:27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sun YK, Oh IH (1996) Ind Eng Chem Res 35:4296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hunyek A, Sirisathitkul C, Harding P (2010) Adv Mat Res 93–94:659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ari M, Jardim PM, Marinkovic BA, Rizzo F, Ferreira FF (2008) J Solid State Chem 181:1472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lind C, Gates SD, Pedoussaut NM, Baiz TI (2010) Materials 3:2567CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monica Ari
    • 1
  • Kimberly J. Miller
    • 2
  • Bojan A. Marinkovic
    • 1
  • Paula M. Jardim
    • 1
  • Roberto de Avillez
    • 1
  • Fernando Rizzo
    • 1
  • Mary Anne White
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Engenharia de MateriaisPontifícia Universidade Católica de Rio de Janeiro-PUC-RioGáveaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and Institute for Research in MaterialsDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

Personalised recommendations