Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 299–312 | Cite as

Mesoporous hybrid and nanocomposite thin films. A sol–gel toolbox to create nanoconfined systems with localized chemical properties

  • G. J. A. A. Soler-Illia
  • P. C. Angelomé
  • M. C. Fuertes
  • A. Calvo
  • A. Wolosiuk
  • A. Zelcer
  • M. G. Bellino
  • E. D. Martínez
Original Paper


Mesoporous Thin Films (MTF) can be created by combining sol–gel synthesis, template self-assembly and chemical surface modification. A wide palette of inorganic (oxides, phosphates, carbon-based, etc.) and hybrid organic–inorganic frameworks with a variety of composition, pore sizes, and nanoscale, organic or biological functions located in the inorganic skeleton, pore surface or pore interior can be obtained. The properties of the functional pore systems are tuned by the pore size and geometry, wall composition and surface features. These MTF with interesting electronic and optical controlled features are indeed a “nanofacility”. Well-defined monodisperse sized pores also act as nanoreactors, or nanocavities with controlled environment and behaviour. In the last years, the production of accessible MTF, in which either the pore surface or pore volume can be modified by organic functional groups or nanoparticles has been thoroughly explored. Each highly controlled MTF originated from a reproducible and modular synthesis is in itself a building block for more complex structures, presenting order at different length scales (molecular, mesoscopic, macroscopic), and novel properties derived thereof. Selected examples of optical and chemical behaviour of these multiscale materials are presented to illustrate these points.


Mesoporous films Nanochemistry Mesoporous hybrids Thin films Functional materials 



Authors thank ABTLUS for partially funding access to the LNLS synchrotron facility, D02A-SAXS2 projects #4286/05, 4643/05, 4785/05, and D10A-XRD2 # 5872/06 project. Work partially funded by CONICET (PIP 5191, fellowship for MCF), ANPCyT (Grants PICT 06-12057, PICT 34518, PAE 2004 22711, PME 00038), and Gabbos. PCA, MCF, AZ and MGB thank CONICET for student and postdoctoral fellowships. PCA thanks CNEA for a graduate fellowship. EDM thanks Universidad de San Martín (UNSAM) for a graduate fellowship. GJAASI and AW are CONICET researchers. Authors thank Dr. M.C. Marchi for help in microscopy measurements, Prof. I. Torriani and Dr. T. Plivelic for assistance in SAXS, Dr. G. Kellermann for his help in XRR, Dr. L- Pietrasanta and S. Ludueña for the AFM image and P. Y. Steinberg for her help on methylene blue adsorption measurements.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. J. A. A. Soler-Illia
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. C. Angelomé
    • 1
  • M. C. Fuertes
    • 1
  • A. Calvo
    • 1
  • A. Wolosiuk
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Zelcer
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. G. Bellino
    • 1
  • E. D. Martínez
    • 1
  1. 1.Gerencia de Química, Centro Atómico ConstituyentesComisión Nacional de Energía AtómicaBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Analítica y Química Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad UniversitariaBuenos AiresArgentina

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