Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 323–329 | Cite as

The “benzyl alcohol route”: An elegant approach towards doped and multimetal oxide nanocrystals

Short review and ZnAl2O4 nanostructures by oriented attachment
  • Nicola Pinna
  • Mohamed Karmaoui
  • Marc-Georg Willinger
Original Paper


In this article, the versatility and the potential of the “benzyl alcohol route” for the synthesis of multimetal and doped metal oxides are highlighted in the first part of the manuscript. Among the presented examples, some materials have not been accessible by other solution syntheses and could so far only be obtained through solid state reactions. The second part describes the synthesis and characterization of 5–6 nm ZnAl2O4 nanoparticles which form flower-like aggregates through the oriented attachment crystallization mechanism.


Nanocrystals Metal oxides Nonaqueous synthesis 



This work was partially supported by the European Network of Excellence FAME, the WCU (World Class University) program through the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (400-2008-0230), and FCT Project No. (PTDC/CTM/65667/2006)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola Pinna
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohamed Karmaoui
    • 1
  • Marc-Georg Willinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryCICECO, University of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.World Class University (WCU) program of Chemical Convergence for Energy & Environment (C2E2), School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, College of EngineeringSeoul National University (SNU)SeoulKorea

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