Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 111–115 | Cite as

Effect of sintering temperature on mechanical and microstructural properties of bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA)

  • G. Goller
  • F. N. OktarEmail author
  • S. Agathopoulos
  • D. U. Tulyaganov
  • J. M. F. Ferreira
  • E. S. Kayali
  • I. Peker
Original Article


The influence of sintering temperature on densification, microstructure and the mechanical properties of bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA), produced by a calcination method, was investigated. Densification and mechanical properties improved with increasing sintering temperature in the range between 1000°C and 1300°C, with optimum properties being obtained at a sintering temperature of 1200°C. The measured mechanical properties indicate that sintered BHA bodies are interesting biomaterials for further investigation in biomedical applications.


Bovine hydroxyapatite Sintering Mechanical properties Microstructure 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Goller
    • 1
  • F. N. Oktar
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • S. Agathopoulos
    • 3
  • D. U. Tulyaganov
    • 3
  • J. M. F. Ferreira
    • 3
  • E. S. Kayali
    • 1
  • I. Peker
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringIstanbul Technical University, School of Chemical and Metallurgical EngineeringMaslakTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of Marmara, School EngineeringKadikoyTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Ceramics and Glass Engineering, CICECOUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  4. 4.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of Marmara, School EngineeringKadikoyTurkey

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