The in situ current normalized particle induced gamma-ray emission method using 4 MeV proton beam was utilized for total boron concentrations in boron based neutron absorbers and borated wood based neutron shielding materials. Boron carbide samples with varying masses were analyzed to examine the effect of matrix as well as the efficacy of the in situ current normalized method. Isotopic composition of boron (10B/11B atom ratio) has been determined in natural and 10B enriched boron carbide samples as well as in four synthetically prepared enriched boron carbide samples to serve as in-house reference standard for isotopic composition.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Acharya R, Raja SW, Sumit Chhillar, Gupta J, Sonber JK, Ch Murthy TSR, Sasi Bhushan K, Rao Radhika M, Majumdar S, Pujari PK (2018) Non-destructive quantification of total boron and its isotopic composition in boron based refractory materials by PIGE and inter-comparison study using TIMS and titrimetry. J Anal At Spectrom 33:784–791
Cline CF, Sands DE (1960) A new silicon boride, SiB4. Nature 185:456
Sonber JK, Murthy TCSR, Subramanian C, Fotedar RK, Hubli RC, Suri AK (2013) Synthesis, densification and characterization of boron carbide. Trans Ind Cerm Soc 72(2):100–107
Sonber JK, Murthy TSRC, Sairam K, Bedse RD, Hubli RC, Chakravartty JK (2015) Development and production of 10B enriched boron carbide (B4C) pellets for control rod application in PFBR. BARC News Lett Spec Issue 259–264
Kumar S, Sairam K, Sonber JK, Murthy TSRC, Reddy V, Rao GNVS, Rao TS (2014) Hot-pressing of MoSi2 reinforced B4C composites. Ceram Int 40:16099–16105
Sonber JK, Sairam K, Murthy TSRC, Nagaraj A, Subramanian C, Hubli RC (2014) Synthesis, densification and oxidation study of lanthanum hexaboride. J Eur Ceram Soc 34:1155–1160
Subramanian C, Suri AK, Murthy TSRC (2010) Development of Boron-based materials for nuclear applications. BARC News Lett 313:14–22
Chhillar S, Acharya R, Sodaye S, Pujari PK (2014) Development of particle induced gamma-Ray emission methods for nondestructive determination of isotopic composition of boron and its total concentration in natural and enriched samples. Anal Chem 8:11167–11173
Acharya R, Pujari PK (2018) Development and applications of In Situ current normalized PIGE method using proton beams for quantification of low Z elements. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 318:1727–1735
Sah R, Brown P (1997) Boron determination—a review of analytical methods. Microchem J 56:285–304
Farhat A, Ahmad F, Arafat H (2013) Analytical techniques for boron quantification supporting desalination processes: a review. Desalination 310:9–17
Barth S, Fresenius J (1997) Comparison of NTIMS and ICP-OES methods for the determination of boron mass fractions in natural fresh and saline waters. Anal Chem 358:854–855
Christie WH, Eby RE, Warmack RJ, Landau L (1981) Determination of boron and lithium in nuclear materials by secondary ion mass spectrometry. Anal Chem 53:13–17
Deyhle A (2001) Improvements of boron isotope analysis by positive thermal ionization mass spectrometry using static multi-collection of Cs2BO2 + ions. Int J Mass Spectrom 206:79–89
Dimitriou P, Becker H-W, Bogdanovic´-Radovic´ I, Chiari M, Goncharov A, Jesus AP, Kakuee O, Kiss AZ, Lagoyannis A, Räisänen J, Strivay D, Zucchiatti A (2016) Development of a reference database for particle induced gamma ray emission spectroscopy. Nucl Instr Meth Phys Res B 371:33–36
Mukhopadhyay PK (2001) Proceedings of the symposium on Intelligent Nuclear Instrumentation. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, p 307
Venkatesh K, Chhillar S, Kamble GS, Pande SP, Venkatesh M, Kumar SA, Kumar S, Acharya R, Pujari PK, Reddy AVR (2014) Determination of boron concentration in borosilicate glass, boron carbide and graphite samples by conventional wet-chemical and nuclear analytical methods. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 302:1425–1428
Mateus R, Jesus AP, Ribeiro JP (2004) Quantitative analysis of light elements in thick samples by PIGE. Nucl Instr Meth Phys Res B 219–220:519–523
Authors thank Head, MP & CED, BARC & his colleagues for providing the samples. Authors thank Head, IADD, BARC, Mr. A. Agarwal, Officer-in-Charge, FOTIA, IADD, BARC and FOTIA Operation Crews for their help during the experiment on PIGE. Authors thank ACD, BARC for analytical support using ICP-OES work. This manuscript is the part of the PhD thesis work of Mr. Sk Wasim Raja under HBNI, DAE.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Raja, S.W., Acharya, R. & Pujari, P.K. Application of PIGE method for quantification of total boron in neutron absorbers and shielding materials and isotopic composition in in-house prepared enriched boron carbide samples. J Radioanal Nucl Chem (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-020-07011-0
- Total boron concentration
- In situ current normalization
- Neutron absorber
- Neutron shielding
- Isotopic composition