Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 322, Issue 3, pp 1953–1964 | Cite as

Contribution of micro-PIXE to the characterization of settled dust events in an urban area affected by industrial activities

  • A. R. Justino
  • N. CanhaEmail author
  • C. Gamelas
  • J. T. Coutinho
  • Z. Kertesz
  • S. M. Almeida


This study aimed to identify possible sources of settled dust events that occurred in an urban area nearby an industrial park, which alarmed the local population. Settled dust was collected in January 2019 and its chemical characterization was assessed by micro-PIXE, focusing on a total of 29 elements. Comparison with chemical profiles of particulate matter from different types of environment was conducted, along with the assessment of crustal enrichment factors and Spearman correlations, allowing to understand which sources were contributing to this settled dust event. A nearby industrial area’s influence was identified due to the contents of Fe, Cr and Mn, which are typical tracers of iron and steel industries.


Air pollution Industrial environments Pollution sources Settled dust Micro-PIXE 



N. Canha acknowledges the support of the Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT, Portugal) through the Postdoc Grant SFRH/BPD/102944/2014 and the contract IST-ID/098/2018 (Nuno Canha). The FCT support is also gratefully acknowledged by C2TN/IST authors (through the UID/Multi/04349/2013 project) and by CESAM author (through the CESAM’s strategic programme UID/AMB/50017/2013). The authors also acknowledge the support of Câmara Municipal do Seixal (Portugal) for their availability throughout all the study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

10967_2019_6860_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1663 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Nucleares, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaBobadela LRSPortugal
  2. 2.CESAM - Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, Department of Environment and PlanningUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  3. 3.Escola Superior de Tecnologia de SetúbalInstituto Politécnico de SetúbalSetúbalPortugal
  4. 4.Laboratory of Ion Beam Applications, Institute for Nuclear ResearchHungarian Academy of SciencesDebrecenHungary

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