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Determination of uranium in environmental sample by nanosensor graphene quantum dots

  • Pradeep Kumar Dewangan
  • Fahmida KhanEmail author
  • Kamlesh Shrivas
  • Vinayak Sahu
Article
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Abstract

The unique properties of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) i.e. low toxicity, excellent water solubility, low cost, high photostability, biocompatibility, and small size have attracted tremendous attention for new research prospects in the detection of metal ions. The fluorescence properties of GQDs are used for qualitative and quantitative analysis of U(VI) ion. The fluorescence of GQDs is intensively quenched by uranium. Synthesized GQDs were characterized by UV–visible spectroscopy, FTIR, Transmission electron microscopy, fluorescence spectrophotometry. Results indicate a single layer of GQDs, small size. Optimum pH is 7 for uranium detection and up to 1.5 ppb of U(VI) ion is accurately determined.

Keywords

Graphene quantum dots Uranium ion Fluorescence spectroscopy Pyrolysis Glucose 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Dr. A. M. Rawani, Director, National Institute of Technology Raipur for laboratory and library facilities. One of the author Pradeep Kumar Dewangan gratefully acknowledges the JRF awarded by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) (Grant No. 09/1116(0001)2016-EMR-I), New Delhi.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pradeep Kumar Dewangan
    • 1
  • Fahmida Khan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kamlesh Shrivas
    • 2
  • Vinayak Sahu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryNational Institute of Technology RaipurRaipurIndia
  2. 2.School of Studies in ChemistryPt. Ravishankar Shukla UniversityRaipurIndia

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