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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 319, Issue 1, pp 245–255 | Cite as

Leaching of El-Missikat low-grade fluoritized uranium ore by sulfuric acid: mechanism and kinetic

  • Hesham Samir MohammedEmail author
  • Yasser Kamal Abdel-Monem
  • Mohamed Galal El-Feky
  • Sayed Ahmed Omer
  • Mohammed Ramadan Ahmed
Article
  • 78 Downloads

Abstract

A well-characterized low-grade fluoritized uranium samples from new occurrence in Gabal El-Missikat prospect, Eastern Desert, Egypt was subjected to sulfuric acid leaching. The effects of leaching parameters on uranium dissolution mechanism were investigated. The shrinking core model was used to model leaching reactions. The kinetics equations indicates that the reactions appear to be controlled by layer diffusion process. The activation energy for uranium dissolution was evaluated. Low activation energy value (2.54 kJ mol−1) confirm the diffusion layer mechanism. The presence of fluoride ions in the solution increases the dissolution of uranium. The optimum process operating parameters were: sulfuric acid concentration: 1.5 M, solid–liquid ratio: 1:3, contact time 8 h; agitation speed rate 200 rpm; and ore particle size − 75 µm at temperature 60 °C, in the absence of an external oxidant. Under these experimental conditions, the extraction efficiency of uranium was about 91%.

Keywords

El-Missikat Fluoritized Low-grade Diffusion layer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to Professor Ehab Korany for assisting in mineralogical analysis.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hesham Samir Mohammed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yasser Kamal Abdel-Monem
    • 2
  • Mohamed Galal El-Feky
    • 1
  • Sayed Ahmed Omer
    • 1
  • Mohammed Ramadan Ahmed
    • 1
  1. 1.Nuclear Material AuthorityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceMenoufia UniversityShibin El KomEgypt

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