Health risks associated with the exposure to uranium and heavy metals through potable groundwater in Uttarakhand state of India

  • Mukesh PrasadEmail author
  • G. Anil Kumar
  • S. K. Sahoo
  • R. C. Ramola


The present work aims to assess health risks associated with the exposure to uranium and heavy metals via potable groundwater in Uttarakhand state of India. For this purpose, potable groundwater samples were collected from the area and analyzed using LED fluorimetry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS). The radiological (carcinogenic) and chemical (non-carcinogenic) risks associated with the exposure to uranium in majority of locations were observed below the safe limits suggested by WHO and USEPA. The levels of heavy metals present in potable groundwater were found well below the permissible limits recommended by WHO. An inter-comparison exercise between the results obtained with LED fluorimetry and ICPMS techniques was performed for the assurance of reliability and accuracy of results. The results were found in good agreement with each other.


Uranium Health risks Ingestion dose LED fluorimetry ICPMS Heavy metals 



Authors are thankful to Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India for providing financial assistance in the form of National Post Doctoral Fellowship (File No: PDF/2016/000565).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 27 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  2. 2.Health Physics DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsH. N. B. Garhwal UniversityTehri GarhwalIndia

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