Radiocarbon in the atmosphere around the Bohunice nuclear power plant in Slovakia
- 7 Downloads
Radiocarbon variations associated with releases from Bohunice nuclear power plant have been observed in monthly atmospheric 14CO2 samples during the last 30 years with peak radiocarbon activity enrichment levels as high as 350‰. Simultaneously, relative depletion in radiocarbon levels as low as −10‰ has been observed due to radiocarbon-free fossil fuel emissions in the region (Suess effect).
KeywordsRadiocarbon Carbon dioxide Nuclear power plant Suess effect
The authors acknowledge support provided by the EU Research and Development Operational Program funded by the ERDF (Projects No. 26240120012, 26240120026 and 26240220004), and by the International Atomic Energy Agency (Projects No. SLR/1001 and RER/7/008).
- 1.UNSCEAR, United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of Atomic Radiation (1993) Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. Report to the general assembly. United Nations, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 10.Davis W (1977) Carbon-14 production in nuclear reactors. ORNL NUREG/TM-12 Oak Ridge Natl Lab Rept, Oak RidgeGoogle Scholar
- 11.Chudý M, Povinec P (1982) Radiocarbon production in CO2 coolant of a nuclear reactor. Acta Univ Comen Phys 22:127–131Google Scholar
- 12.IAEA (2004) Management of waste containing tritium and carbon-14. International Atomic Energy Agency, Technical Reports Series No. 421, ViennaGoogle Scholar
- 13.Magnusson A (2007) 14C produced by nuclear power reactors—generation and characterization of gasesous, liquid and solid waste. Doctoral thesis, Lund UniversityGoogle Scholar
- 18.Povinec P (1972) Preparation of methane gas filing for proportional 3H and 14C counters. Radiochem Radioanal Lett 9:127–135Google Scholar
- 25.Hammer S, Levin I (2017) Monthly mean atmospheric ∆14CO2 at Jungfraujoch and Schauinsland from 1986 to 2016. https://doi.org/10.11588/data