Recent developments in targeted imaging of CXCR4-chemokine receptor

  • Ashraf Fakhari
  • Ayuob AghanejadEmail author
  • Amir Reza Jalilian
  • Esmaeil Gharepapagh


Chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) have been over-expressed by multiple types of primary and metastatic cancer cells and organs. Accordingly, various types of small molecules, as well as, bio-molecules were employed for CXCR4 targeting for selective and efficient diagnosis and treatment of malignancies and diseases. Moreover, recent progresses in imaging modalities like SPECT, PET, and optical detection instruments have provided a promising perspective for the emergence of a potential detection and treatment by CXCR4 in desired tissues and organs. In this review, the reported CXCR4 targeted imaging agents are described based on their specificity, affinity and biodistribution.


Chemokine receptor CXCR4 Targeted imaging PET/SPECT imaging 



This work was supported by Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (Tabriz, Iran).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Radiation Sciences Research TeamTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  2. 2.Research Centre for Pharmaceutical NanotechnologyTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  3. 3.Radioisotope Products and Radiation Technology Section, Department of Nuclear Sciences and ApplicationsInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna International CentreViennaAustria

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