Elemental analysis of Morchella esculenta from Germany

  • Matthias Rossbach
  • Eberhard Kümmerle
  • Simone Schmidt
  • Mario Gohmert
  • Christian Stieghorst
  • Zsolt Revay
  • Norbert Wiehl
Article

Abstract

A collaborative study to evaluate uptake of 137Cs as well as trace-, minor-, and main elements in morels (Morchella esculenta) from various habitats in Germany was undertaken by the help of active mushroom collectors in Germany (http://www.pilzschule.de/). 137Cs determined by gamma spectrometry was found in all specimen and followed the expected post-Chernobyl distribution. Elements, determined by prompt gamma and instrumental NAA showed large variations without clear pattern distributed across the country.

Keywords

Morchella esculenta PGAA INAA Radioactivity 137Cs Elemental analysis 

References

  1. 1.
    Kalač P, Svoboda L (2000) A review of trace element content in edible mushrooms. Food Chem 69:273–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Řanda Z, Kučera J (2004) Trace elements in higher fungi (mushrooms) determined by activation analysis. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 259(1):99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dietl G, Breitig D (1988) Radioaktives Cäsium in Pilzen aus dem Raum Schwäbisch Gmünd. Zeitschrift für Mykologie 54(1):109–112Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fujii A, Koura T, Yoshimoto T et al (2014) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 300:707. doi:10.1007/s10967-014-3060-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ajmal M, Akram A, Ara A et al (2015) Morchella esculenta: an edible and health beneficuial mushroom. Pak J Food Sci 25(2):71–78Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wasser SP (2002) Medicinal mushrooms as a source of antitumor and immunomodulating polysaccharides. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 60:258–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jahangir MM, Khan AA, Samin G et al (2016) Int J Agri Environ Res 2(3):256–262Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu Chao, Sun Y, Mao Q et al (2016) Characteristics and antitumor activity of Morchella esculenta polysaccharide extracted by pulsed electric field. Int J Mol Sci 17:986–1002. doi:10.3390/ijms17060986 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Isildak Ö, Turkekus I, Elmastas M et al (2004) Analysis of heavy metals in some wild growing edible mushrooms from the middle black sea region. Turkey Food Chem 86:547–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ahmad A, Shah MT, Din I (2015) Essential and nonessential metal concentrations in morel mushroom (Morchella esculenta) in Dir-Kohistan, Pakistan. Pak J Bot 47(SI):133–138Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Révay Z, Lindstrom RM, Mackey EA, Belgya T (2011) Neutron-induced prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA). In: Vértesh A, Nagy S, Klencsar Z, Lovas RG, Rösch F (eds) Handbook of nuclear chemistry. Springer, Berlin, pp 1619–1672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Révay Z, Belgya T (2004) Principles of PGAA method. In: Molnar GL (ed) Handbook of prompt gamma activation analysis with neutron beams. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 1–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Révay Z (2009) Determining elemental composition using prompt γ activation analysis. Anal Chem 81:6851–6859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hampel G, Eberhardt K (2012) The Research reactor TRIGA Mark II of the Johannes Gutenberg—University Mainz. ATW Int J Nucl Power 57–10:614Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Genie 2000, 2009. Version 3.2, Copyright 2009, Canberra Industries Inc. http://www3.nd.edu/~wzech/Genie%202000%20Operations%20Manual.pdf
  16. 16.
    Genccelep H, Uzun Y, Tuncturk Y, Demirel K (2009) Determination of mineral contents of wild grown edible mushrooms. Food Chem 113:1033–1036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Michelot D, Siobud E, Dore J, Viel C, Poirier F (1998) Update of metal content profiles in mushrooms—toxicological implications and tentative approach to the mechanism of bioaccumulation. Toxicon 36:1997–2012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mykorrhiza—Pilz-Wurzel-Symbiosen/Die Grundprinzipien. https://de.wikibooks.org/wiki/. Accessed 15 Feb 2017
  19. 19.
    Shavit E, Shavit E (2010) Lead and arsenic in Morella esculenta fruitbodies collected in lead arsenate contaminated apple orchards in the North-Eastern United States: a preliminary study. Fungi 3(2):11–18Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbHJülichGermany
  2. 2.HannoverGermany
  3. 3.Bernau/BerlinGermany
  4. 4.Technische Universität München, FRM IIGarchingGermany
  5. 5.Institut für KernchemieUniversität MainzMainzGermany

Personalised recommendations