Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 311, Issue 3, pp 1665–1671 | Cite as

Thorium(IV) and neptunium(V) uptake from carbonate containing aqueous solutions by HDTMA-modified natural zeolites

  • Panagiotis MisaelidesEmail author
  • David Fellhauer
  • Xavier Gaona
  • Marcus Altmaier
  • Horst Geckeis


The 232Th-uptake ([Th(IV)]° = 9.7 × 10−5 M) from carbonate solutions ([CO 3 2 ]tot = 0.25 M, 9.0 < pHc < 10.8) by raw and HDTMA-modified HEU-type zeolitic-, chabazitic- and phillipsitic-tuffs was investigated. The strong uptake by the HDTMA-tuffs at pHc≈9 was assigned to the Th(CO3) 5 6− and ThOH(CO3) 4 5− predominance. The sorption coefficients (R d) decreased with increasing pHc indicating carbonate competition. Enhanced R d values for pHc > 10.5 are likely due to ThO2(am)-precipitation. The 237Np-uptake ([Np(V)]° = 2.6 × 10−5 M) from carbonate solutions ([CO 3 2 ]tot = 0.25 and 3.0 × 10−4 M) by raw and HDTMA-modified HEU-type zeolitic tuff and pulverized pure heulandite crystals was studied under Ar-atmosphere at 6 < pHc < 11. The R d values for both elements indicated the modified tuffs potential to remove tetravalent- and pentavalent actinides from environmental matrices.


Thorium(IV) sorption Neptunium(V) sorption HDTMA-modified tuffs Carbonate solutions 



This study was performed during a research stay of the corresponding author (P.M.) at the Institute of Nuclear Waste Disposal of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (INE-KIT). The funding by KIT as well as the support and the hospitality from the side of the INE Director and staff during this stage is gratefully acknowledged. The authors of this work would also like to thank Mrs. M. Böttle (INE-KIT) with her valuable assistance, Mrs. C. Walschburger and A. Kaufmann for the ICP-MS measurements, Profs. A. Filippidis and N. Kantiranis (Geology Dept., Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki) for the XRD characterization and the determination of the uptake ability of the chabazite/phillipsite-bearing tuff supplied by Apostolico & Tanagro and Dr. D. Schild (INE-KIT) for the XPS examination of the modified materials.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryAristotle UniversityThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Institute for Nuclear Waste Disposal (INE)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany

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