Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 303, Issue 1, pp 901–909 | Cite as

Transfer factor of 137Cs from soil to wheat grains and dosimetry around Narora Atomic Power Station, Narora, India

  • Manbir Singh
  • V. K. Garg
  • Y. P. Gautam
  • Avinash Kumar
Article

Abstract

This field study was undertaken to quantify the transfer factor of 137Cs from agricultural soil to wheat grains and ingestion dose evaluation around Narora Atomic Power Station, Narora, India from 2010 to 2012. 137Cs activity was measured using NaI (Tl) well type gamma-spectrometry system. Transfer factor of 137Cs from soil to wheat grain samples was in the range of 0.12–0.46. Annual ingestion dose to man from 137Cs activity was significantly lower than permissible limit (1.0 mSv year−1). The risk measured due to 137Cs is also insignificant to members of public residing around Narora Atomic Power Station, Narora, India.

Keywords

Wheat grains Gamma spectrometry Transfer factor 137Cs activity Annual ingestion dose 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are thankful to Board of Research in Nuclear Science, Department of Atomic Energy, (DAE-BRNS), Mumbai, India for providing the financial assistance to conduct this research work (Grant no. 2008/36/84-BRNS/2890 dated 27/2/2009).

References

  1. 1.
    Wessells C (2012) Agency for toxic substances and disease registry at http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/phs149.html. Accessed 15 May 2014
  2. 2.
    The health physics and radiological health handbook (1992) Scintra, Inc. Revised editionGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nikolova I, Johanson KJ, Clegg S (2000) The accumulation of 137Cs in the biological compartment of forest soils. J Environ Radioact 47:319–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mykhaylo M, Vinichuk K, Johanson J (2003) Accumulation of 137Cs by fungal mycelium in forest ecosystems of Ukraine. J Environ Radioact 64:27–43Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Steiner M, Linkov I, Yoshida S (2012) The role of fungi in the transfer and cycling of radionuclides in forest ecosystems. J Environ Radioact 58:217–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Joshi RM, Ravi PM, Gurg RP (2001) Base line radioactivity levels in Kaiga site soil and its migration to biosphere. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 247(3):571–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Patra AC, Mohapatra S, Sahoo SK, Lenka P, Dubey JS, Thakur VK, Kumar AV, Ravi PM, Tripathi RM (2014) Assessment of ingestion dose due to radioactivity in selected food matrices and water near Vizag, India. J Radioanal Nucl Chem. doi: 10.1007/s10967-014-3097-y Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sadasivan S, Shukla VK, Chinnaesakki S, Sartandel SJ (2003) Natural and fallout radioactivity measurement in Indian soils. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 256(3):603–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    U S Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (2003) Literature review and assessment of plant and animal transfer factors used in performance assessment modelling. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research Washington, DC 20555–0001, NUREG/CR–6825, PNNL–14321Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kirchner G, Baumgartner D (1992) Migration rates of radionuclides deposited after the Chernobyl accident in various north German soils. Analyst 117:475–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kagan LM, Kadatsky VB (1996) Depth migration of Chernobyl originated 137Cs and 90Sr in soils of Belarus. J Environ Radioact 33:27–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shaw G, Bell JNB (1991) Competitive effects of potassium and ammonium on caesium uptake kinetics in wheat. J Environ Radioact 13:283–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ciuffo LEC, Belli M, Pasquale A, Menegon S, Velasco HR (2002) 137Cs and 40K soil-to-plant relationships in semi natural grassland of Giulia Alps, Italy. Sci Total Environ 295:69–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Argonne National Laboratory (2005) EVS, Human health fact sheet, August 2005Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    International Commission on Radiological Protection (1994) Dose coefficients for intakes of radionuclides by workers, ICRP Publication 68, Ann. ICRP 24Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    BARC (1992) Analytical procedures manual, health physics division, BARC/HPD/1992/002, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India, 1992Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Walkey A, Black IA (1934) An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining organic carbon in soils: effect of variation in digestion conditions and of inorganic soil constituents. Soil Sci 63:251–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hesse PR (1971) A textbook of soil chemical analysis. John Murray, London, pp 35–88Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wyttenbach A, Furrer V, Tobler L (1995) The concentration ratios plant to soil for the stable elements Cs, Rb and K. Sci Total Environ 173(174):361–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (2014) http://faostat.fao.org/site/610/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=610#ancor. Accessed 15 May 2014
  21. 21.
    Kliment V, Bucina I (1990) Contamination of food in Czechoslovakia by caesium radioisotopes from the Chernobyl accident. J Environ Radioact 12:167–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Franić Z, Marović G, Lokobauer N (2006) Radiocaesium activity concentrations in wheat grains in the Republic of Croatia for 1965–2003 and dose assessment. Environ Monit Assess 115(1–3):51–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Righi S, Lucialli P, Bruzzi L (2005) Health and environmental impacts of a fertilizer plant Part I: assessment of radioactive pollution. J Environ Radioact 82:167–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lindahl P, Maquet A, Hult M, Gasparro J, Marissens G, González de Orduña R (2011) Natural radioactivity in winter wheat from organic and conventional agricultural systems. J Environ Radioact 102:163–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gjelsvik R, Steinnes E (2013) Geographical trends in 137Cs fallout from the Chernobyl accident and leaching from natural surface soil in Norway. J Environ Radioact 126:99–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Park KH, Kang TW, Kim WJ, Park JW (2013) 134Cs and 137Cs radioactivity in soil and moss samples of Jeju Island after Fukushima nuclear reactor accident. Appl Radiat Isot 81:379–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ramzaev V, Barkovsky A, Goncharova Y, Gromov A, Kaduka M, Romanovich I (2013) Radiocesium fallout in the grasslands on Sakhalin, Kunashir and Shikotan Islands due to Fukushima accident: the radioactive contamination of soil and plants in 2011. J Environ Radioact 118:128–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Öztürk BC, Çam NF, Yaprak G (2013) Reference levels of natural radioactivity and 137Cs in and around the surface soils of Kestanbol pluton in Ezine region of Çanakkale province, Turkey. J Environ Sci Health A 48(12):1522–1532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zhiyanski M, Bech J, Sokolovska M, Lucot E, Bech J, Badot PM (2008) Cs–137 distribution in forest floor and surface soil layers from two mountainous regions in Bulgaria. J. Geochem Explo. 96:256–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tsukada H, Hasegawaa H, Hisamatsua S, Yamasakib S (2002) Transfer of 137Cs and stable Cs from paddy soil to polished rice in Aomori. Japan J Environ Radioact 59:351–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    IAEA (1994) Handbook of parameter values for the prediction of radionuclide transfer in temperate environments. International Atomic Energy Agency. Technical report series no. 364. (pp. 14–26). Vienna: IAEAGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Uchida S, Tagami K, Shang ZR, Choi YH (2009) Uptake of radionuclides and stable elements from paddy soil to rice: a review. J Environ Radioact 100:739–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    International Union of Radioecologists (1989) Sixth report of the working group. Soil – to – plant transfer factors. RIVM, Bilthoven, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Bear FE (1977) Book of chemistry of soil, 2nd edn. Reinhold Publishing, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tsukada H, Nakamura Y (1999) Transfer of 137Cs and stable Cs from soil to potato in agricultural fields. Sci Total Environ 228:111–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Karunakara N, Ujwal P, Yashodhara I, Rao C, Kuamara KS, Dileep BN, Ravi PM (2013) Studies on soil to grass transfer factor (Fv) and grass to milk transfer coefficient (Fm) for cesium in Kaiga region. J Environ Radioact 124:101–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Smith JT, Beresford NA (2005) Chernobyl: catastrophe and consequences. Springer, Chichester, pp 81–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Rosen K, Von Fircks Y, Vinichuk M, Sennerby - Forsse L (2011) Accumulation of 137Cs after potassium fertilization in plant organs of Salix viminalis L. and in combusted ash. Biomass Bioener 35:2765–2772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) (2010) Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. New York: United Nations. p. 4. ISBN 978–92–1–142274–0Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manbir Singh
    • 1
  • V. K. Garg
    • 1
  • Y. P. Gautam
    • 2
  • Avinash Kumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringGuru Jambheshwar University of Science and TechnologyHisarIndia
  2. 2.Environmental Survey LaboratoryNarora Atomic Power StationNarora, BulandshaharIndia

Personalised recommendations