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Separation of curium from americium using composite sorbents and complexing agent solutions

  • Kamila Št’astnáEmail author
  • Jan John
  • Ferdinand Šebesta
  • Martin Vlk
Article

Abstract

The EXAm and the AmSel liquid–liquid extraction processes have been used as bases for the development of chromatographic systems for separation of curium(III) from americium(III). The liquid organic phases were replaced by composite sorbents with PAN binding matrix and complexing agent in nitric acid solutions were employed as aqueous phases. The influence of complexing agent and nitric acid concentrations on weight distribution coefficients and separation factor and the kinetics of the actinide uptake were determined in batch experiments with trace amounts of 241Am and 244Cm. The efficiency of Cm(III) separation from Am(III) was evaluated in column experiment.

Keywords

Americium Curium Separation Composite sorbent Complexing agent 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research has been supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Technical University in Prague, grants No. SGS11/071/OHK4/1T/14 and SGS12/199/OHK4/3T/14, and the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic, grant No. VG20132015132.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamila Št’astná
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jan John
    • 1
  • Ferdinand Šebesta
    • 1
  • Martin Vlk
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical EngineeringCzech Technical University in PraguePrague 1Czech Republic

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