Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 302, Issue 2, pp 831–836 | Cite as

Radioactivity impact assessment of Nikšić region in Montenegro

  • N. M. Antović
  • N. Svrkota
  • I. Antović
  • R. Svrkota
  • R. Žižić
  • D. Živković
Article

Abstract

Among all diagnosed and treated lung cancers in Montenegro in 2009, 15.5 % were from Nikšić. The incidence rate was estimated to be around 42.5 per hundred thousand. In order to understand the role of radioactivity in initiating lung cancer the data on indoor radon concentrations obtained from earlier work coupled with that obtained in the present work for 226Ra, 232Th/228Ac, 40K and 137Cs from uncultivated soils, were used to estimate hazard indices. The risk factor for lung cancer due to radon was found to be significantly higher than excess lifetime cancer risk due to terrestrial radiation—outdoor. The stem of blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) was also analyzed for its radioactivity content, and showed soil–plant transfer factors for radium and caesium—from typical ranges for soil–plant transfer factors given in the UNSCEAR 2008 report.

Keywords

Radioactivity Nikšić-Montenegro Cancer risk 

References

  1. 1.
    MONSTAT (2012) Statistical yearbook of Montenegro. MONSTAT, PodgoricaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Antovic NM, Svrkota N, Antovic I (2012) Radiat Prot Dosim 148:310–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Antovic N, Vukotic P, Zekic R, Ilic R (2007) Radiat Prot Dosim 124:385–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Živković D (2009) Effect of delays on surviving patients with lung carcinoma. PhD thesis, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade (in Serbian)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    UNSCEAR 2008 (2011) Annex E: effects of ionizing radiation on non-human biota. UN, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    UNSCEAR (2000) Annex B: exposure from natural radiation sources. UN, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kapdan E, Varinlioglu A, Karahan G (2011) Int J Environ Res 5:837–846Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Taskin H, Karavus M, Ay P, Topuzoglu A, Hidiroglu S, Karahan G (2009) J Environ Radioact 100:49–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    EPA (2003) EPA assessment of risk from radon in homes. EPA 402-R03-003, USA. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. http://www.epa.gov/radiation/docs/assessment/402-r-03-003.pdf
  10. 10.
    UNSCEAR (2006) Annex E: sources-to-effects assessment for radon in homes and workplaces. UN, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    ICRP (2009) ICRP Press Release, Ref: 00/902/09Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Antovic NM, Vukotic P, Svrkota N, Andrukhovich SK (2012) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 293:299–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baloch MA, Qureshi AA, Waheed A, Ali M, Ali N, Tufail M, Batool S, Akram M, Iftikhar P, Qayyum H, Manzoor S, Khan HA (2012) J Radiat Res 53:411–421Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. M. Antović
    • 1
  • N. Svrkota
    • 2
  • I. Antović
    • 3
  • R. Svrkota
    • 4
  • R. Žižić
    • 2
  • D. Živković
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of Natural Sciences and MathematicsUniversity of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro
  2. 2.Centre for Ecotoxicological ResearchPodgoricaMontenegro
  3. 3.Department for Biomedical SciencesState University of Novi PazarNovi PazarSerbia
  4. 4.Geological Survey of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro
  5. 5.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro

Personalised recommendations