Assessment of ingestion dose due to radioactivity in selected food matrices and water near Vizag, India

  • A. C. Patra
  • S. Mohapatra
  • S. K. Sahoo
  • P. Lenka
  • J. S. Dubey
  • V. K. Thakur
  • A. V. Kumar
  • P. M. Ravi
  • R. M. Tripathi


Activity concentrations of 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, 40K and 137Cs were measured in milk, egg, fruit and fish samples collected around a proposed site for setting up nuclear facilities, near Vishakhapatanam. The activity concentrations of the radionuclides ranged from 0.002 to 10.6, 0.002 to 2.8, 0.1 to 7.2, 3 to 110.8, 0.03 to 3 mBq g−1 for 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, 40K and 137Cs considering analysed food matrices. Natural uranium was measured in drinking water samples and the values were below 15 ppb. The average ingestion dose was 2.07 ± 2.01, 2.81 ± 4.38, 7.66 ± 8.24, 1.28 ± 0.84 and 0.04 ± 0.05 μSv year−1 for 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, 40K and 137Cs in milk, egg, fruit, fish and water. The ingestion dose received was the highest for milk, due to its high ingestion rate. It was observed that 226Ra is the largest contributor of measured radionuclides in this study for the different food matrices analysed due to its high dose conversion factor. The study was carried out as a part of baseline data generation for this region with which future changes in the radiological scenario can be compared.


Radionuclide Food matrix Baseline data Activity concentration Ingestion dose 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the guidance and encouragement of Dr. D. N. Sharma, Director, Health Safety and Environment Group, BARC. The help and support received from Prof. Someswara Rao N. and his team of Andhra University, Visakhapatnam and Shri C. G. Sumesh and Shri N. S. Krishna of HS&EG, BARC during sample collection and processing are acknowledged. Suggestions and help from other colleagues during the preparation of this manuscript are also acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. Patra
    • 1
  • S. Mohapatra
    • 1
  • S. K. Sahoo
    • 1
  • P. Lenka
    • 1
  • J. S. Dubey
    • 1
  • V. K. Thakur
    • 1
  • A. V. Kumar
    • 2
  • P. M. Ravi
    • 1
  • R. M. Tripathi
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Physics DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Radiation Safety Systems DivisionBhabha Atomic Research CentreMumbaiIndia

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